section element represents a generic section of a document or application. A section, in this context, is a thematic grouping of content, typically with a heading.
Examples of sections would be chapters, the various tabbed pages in a tabbed dialog box, or the numbered sections of a thesis. A Web site's home page could be split into sections for an introduction, news items, and contact information.
Authors are encouraged to use the
article element instead of the
section element when it would make sense to syndicate the contents of the element.
section element is not a generic container element. When an element is needed for styling purposes or as a convenience for scripting, authors are encouraged to use the
div element instead. A general rule is that the
section element is appropriate only if the element's contents would be listed explicitly in the document's outline.
In the following example, we see an article (part of a larger Web page) about apples, containing two short sections.
<article> <hgroup> <h1>Apples</h1> <h2>Tasty, delicious fruit!</h2> </hgroup> <p>The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree.</p> <section> <h1>Red Delicious</h1> <p>These bright red apples are the most common found in many supermarkets.</p> </section> <section> <h1>Granny Smith</h1> <p>These juicy, green apples make a great filling for apple pies.</p> </section> </article>
Notice how the use of
section means that the author can use
h1 elements throughout, without having to worry about whether a particular section is at the top level, the second level, the third level, and so on.
Here is a graduation programme with two sections, one for the list of people graduating, and one for the description of the ceremony.
<!DOCTYPE Html> <Html ><Head ><Title >Graduation Ceremony Summer 2022</Title ></Head ><Body ><H1 >Graduation</H1 ><Section ><H1 >Ceremony</H1 ><P >Opening Procession</P ><P >Speech by Validactorian</P ><P >Speech by Class President</P ><P >Presentation of Diplomas</P ><P >Closing Speech by Headmaster</P ></Section ><Section ><H1 >Graduates</H1 ><Ul ><Li >Molly Carpenter</Li ><Li >Anastasia Luccio</Li ><Li >Ebenezar McCoy</Li ><Li >Karrin Murphy</Li ><Li >Thomas Raith</Li ><Li >Susan Rodriguez</Li ></Ul ></Section ></Body ></Html>