Techniques for WCAG 2.0

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H59: Using the link element and navigation tools



This technique relates to:

User Agent and Assistive Technology Support Notes

Some user agents provide an optional navigation bar which will display the information specified in the link element. Current versions of the Mozilla and Opera browsers provide this functionality. IE 6.0 and Firefox 1.5 do not offer this feature but it may be available through extensions or add-ons.

See The 'link'-Element in (X)HTML for more information on browser support for link.


The objective of this technique is to describe how the link element can provide metadata about the position of an HTML page within a set of Web pages or can assist in locating content with a set of Web pages. The value of the rel attributes indicates what type of relation is being described, and the href attribute provides a link to the document having that relation. Multiple link elements can provide multiple relationships. Several values of rel are useful:


Example 1

A Web page for Chapter 2 of an on-line book might contain the following links within the head section.

<link rel="Contents" href="Contents.html" title="Table of Contents"  />
<link rel="Index" href="Index.html" title="Index" />
<link rel="Prev" href="Chapter01.html" title="01. Why Volunteer?" />
<link rel="Next" href="Chapter03.html" title="03. Who Volunteers?" />


Resources are for information purposes only, no endorsement implied.



For a Web page that is within a sequence or collection of Web pages:

  1. Check that all link elements pertaining to navigation occur in the head section of the document.

  2. For each link element in the head section of the document which pertains to navigation, check that it contains at least:

    1. a rel attribute identifying the link type

    2. a valid href attribute to locate the appropriate resource

Expected Results