HyperText Object Builder

/*
**	(c) COPYRIGHT MIT 1995.
**	Please first read the full copyright statement in the file COPYRIGH.
*/

This is the interface that  you can use to build a parsed HTML object (called an hypertext object) as output of the libwww HTML parser. It is based on callback functions that the application can register as needed in order to get the various events out of the HTML parser. These are the different events that can be registered:

Building an hypertext object can contain references to stylesheets. Libwww doesn't come with a stylesheet implementation but it does have a generic stylesheet manager which can be used for registering and looking up styles. As an example, you can see how the libwww robot uses the link callout whereas the Line Mode Browser has a complete implementation in the GridText module.

#ifndef HTEXT_H
#define HTEXT_H

#include "HTAnchor.h"
#include "HTStream.h"

The HText Object

The HText object is only known as a name to libwww - it isn't defined or used anywhere as an actual structure. The application can use the HText object to contain the information needed to build a parsed object - a hypertext object - as data arrives from the libwww HTML parser. When a HText object is to be created, this module calls out to any registered creation method and in turn uses the newly created HText object in every subsequent call to any registered callback routine as the HTML stream is parsed.

typedef struct _HText HText;

Callback for Creating and Deleting an HText Object

When an HTML stream is created, the HTML parser checks to see if there are any callbacks registered for handling the HText object. If this is the case then the creation callback is called so that the application can create a new HText object. After that the various callbacks are called (if registered) as text comes in and gets parsed.

typedef HText * HText_new (
	HTRequest *		request,
	HTParentAnchor *	anchor,
	HTStream *		output_stream);

typedef BOOL HText_delete (HText * me);

Register Creation/Deletion Callbacks

extern BOOL HText_registerCDCallback (HText_new *, HText_delete *);
extern BOOL HText_unregisterCDCallback (void);

Callback for Start and Terminate Parsing

The call sequence is the following: First HText_build is called with the status of HTEXT_BEGIN, then any combination of other append calls, and at the end HText_build is called with the termination status - if it terminated normally then the status is HTEXT_END, if the download was aborted the status is HTEXT_ABORT.

typedef enum _HTextStatus {
    HTEXT_BEGIN,
    HTEXT_END,
    HTEXT_ABORT
} HTextStatus;

typedef void HText_build (HText * text, HTextStatus status);

Register Start/End Callback

extern BOOL HText_registerBuildCallback (HText_build *);
extern BOOL HText_unregisterBuildCallback (void);

Callback for Handling Chunks of Text

THE STRING IS NOT ZERO-TERMINATED!!! When plain text is found then it can be passed to the application via this function. HTML text is already stripped for unneeded white space whereas literal text isn't. The text is of course to be taken "relative" to which element is is found within - this is not checked by the HTML parser but can be checked by the application by using the Element callback function.

typedef void HText_addText (
	HText * 	text,
	const char * 	buffer,
	int		length);

Register Text Callback

extern BOOL HText_registerTextCallback (HText_addText *);
extern BOOL HText_unregisterTextCallback (void);

Callback for Handling Hypertext Links

Whenever a link is found in the HTML stream, be it from an anchor element, an inlined image, etc. then it is picked up and this called out to this function with the parameters necessary to be able to see what type of link it is (the element and the name of the attribute where it was found). The element number and attribute number are integers that are defined by the HTML DTD used by the HTMl parser. The present and value arrays contains all the SGML attributes and values found in the element untouched. Again, the array is defined by the HTML DTD used by the HTML parser.

typedef void HText_foundLink (
	HText * 	text,
	int		element_number,
	int		attribute_number,
	HTChildAnchor *	anchor,
	const BOOL *	present,
	const char **	value);

Register Link Callback

extern BOOL HText_registerLinkCallback (HText_foundLink *);
extern BOOL HText_unregisterLinkCallback (void);

Callback for Handling HTML Elements

Whenever an element is found in the HTML stream, be it an IMG element, a BODY element, etc. then it is picked up and this called out to this function with the parameters necessary to be able to see what type of element it is. The element number and attribute number are integers that are defined by the HTML DTD used by the HTMl parser. The present and value arrays contains all the SGML attributes and values found in the element untouched. Again, the array is defined by the HTML DTD used by the HTML parser.

typedef void HText_beginElement (
	HText * 	text,
	int		element_number,
	const BOOL *	present,
	const char **	value);

typedef void HText_endElement (
	HText * 	text,
	int		element_number);

Register HTML Element Callback

extern BOOL HText_registerElementCallback (HText_beginElement *, HText_endElement *);
extern BOOL HText_unregisterElementCallback (void);

Callback for Unparsed Elements

Whenever an element is found which is not known by the HTML DTD, then the information is passed to the unparsed element handlers.

typedef void HText_unparsedBeginElement (
	HText *		HText,
	const char * 	buffer,
	int		length);

typedef void HText_unparsedEndElement (
	HText *		HText,
	const char * 	buffer,
	int		length);

Register Unparsed Element Callback

extern BOOL HText_registerUnparsedElementCallback (
	HText_unparsedBeginElement *,
	HText_unparsedEndElement *);
extern BOOL HText_unregisterUnparsedElementCallback (void);

Callback for Unparsed Entity

Whenever an entity is found which is not known by the HTML DTD, then the information is passed to the default handler.

typedef void HText_unparsedEntity (
	HText *		HText,
	const char * 	buffer,
	int		length);

Register Unparsed Entity Callback

extern BOOL HText_registerUnparsedEntityCallback (HText_unparsedEntity *);
extern BOOL HText_unregisterUnparsedEntityCallback (void);
#endif /* HTEXT_H */


@(#) $Id: HText.html,v 2.32 1999/01/06 15:38:48 frystyk Exp $