Generic Stream Class

**	(c) COPYRIGHT MIT 1995.
**	Please first read the full copyright statement in the file COPYRIGH.

The Stream class defines objects which accepts a sequence of characters. Streams may also have an output in which case multiple stream objects can be cascaded to build a stream pipe where the output of a stream is directed into the input of the next stream object "down the line". Of course, one of the main features of streams is that they can perform a data conversion on the data before piping it to the output. As multiple streams may be cascaded, the complete data conversion is then the sum of each individual data conversion performed by the stream objects being part of the stream pipe.

It is not required that a stream has a target, it might as well be a black hole that just accepts data without ever giving it out again. The generic stream class is subclassed multiple places in the Library and a good example is the structured stream definition which creates a SGML object.

All stream class methods return an integer status code telling whether the operation succeeded or not.. This is the way for a stream to pass control information upstream to the caller which may also be a stream. The general return codes from the methods are:

It is in general not relevant to return how much data has been written in the stream, as there often will be a relationship other than 1:1 between indata and outdata. However, it is important that a stream keeps state (either on the incoming data or the outgoing data stream) so that it can accept a HT_WOULD_BLOCK and continue at a later time when the blocking situation has stopped.

This module is implemented by HTStream.c, and it is a part of the W3C Sample Code Library.

#ifndef HTSTREAM_H
#define HTSTREAM_H

#include "HTList.h"

typedef struct _HTStream HTStream;

typedef struct _HTStreamClass {

    char * name;

This field is for diagnostics only

    int (*flush)	(HTStream * me);

The flush method is introduced in order to allow the stream to put any buffered data down the stream pipe but without taking the stream pipe down. It is for the stream to decide whether it has buffered data or not. In some situations, the stream might not want to send buffered data down the target as the date might be relevant for this stream only.

    int (*_free)	(HTStream * me);

The free method is like the flush method but it also frees the current stream object and all stream objects down stream. When the free method has been called, the whole stream pipe (not only this obejct) should not accept any more data.

    int (*abort)	(HTStream * me, HTList * errorlist);

The abort method should only be used if a stream is interrupted, for example by the user, or an error occurs.

    int (*put_character)(HTStream * me, char ch);
    int (*put_string)	(HTStream * me, const char * str);

    int (*put_block)	(HTStream * me, const char * str, int len);

These methods are for actually putting data down the stream. It is important that the most efficient method is chosen (often put_block). There is no guarantee that a stream won't change method, for example from put_character to put_block

} HTStreamClass;

Basic Utility Streams

These streams can be plugged in everywhere in a stream pipe.

Black Hole Stream

This stream simply absorbs data without doing anything what so ever.

extern HTStream * HTBlackHole (void);

Generic Error Stream

The Error stream simply returns HT_ERROR on all methods. This can be used to stop a stream as soon as data arrives, for example from the network.

extern HTStream * HTErrorStream (void);
#endif /* HTSTREAM_H */

@(#) $Id: HTStream.html,v 2.24 1998/05/14 02:11:05 frystyk Exp $