Suffix Definitions for W3C httpd
W3C httpd uses suffixes to discover the content-type,
content-encoding and content-language of a file. Default values are
so extensive that
httpd knows the usual file types. The
following configuration directives can be
used to add new suffix bindings and override existing defaults:
- Filename suffix mappings to MIME Content-Types
- Filename suffix mappings to MIME Content-Encodings
- Multilanguage support, suffix mappings to different Content-Languages
- Set suffix case sensitivity
Binding Suffixes to MIME Content-Types
As well as any mapping lines in the rule file, the rule file may be
used to define the data types of files with particular suffixes. W3C
httpd has an extensive set of predefined suffixes, so
usually you don't need to specify any.
The syntax is:
AddType .suffix representation encoding [quality]
The parameters are as follows:
The last part of the filename. There are two special cases.
*.* matches to all files which have not been matched by
any explicit suffixes but do contain a dot.
* by itself
matches to any file which does not match any other suffix.
A MIME Content-Type style description of the representation in fact in
use in the file. See the HTTP spec. This need not be a real MIME
type - it will only be used if it matches a type given by a client.
A MIME content transfer encoding type. Much more limited in variety
than representations, basically whether the file is ASCII (7bit or
8bit) or binary. A few other encodings are allowed, and maybe
extension to compression.
Optional. A floating point number between 0.0 and 1.0 which determines
the relative merits of files
xxx.* which differ in their
suffix only, when a link to
xxx.multi is being resolved.
Defaults to 1.0.
AddType .html text/html 8bit 1.0
AddType .text text/plain 7bit 0.9
AddType .ps application/postscript 8bit 1.0
AddType *.* application/binary binary 0.1
AddType * text/plain 7bit
Historical Note (Suffix Directive)
AddType was previously called
old name is still understood, but may be misleading since suffixes are
also used to determine Content-Encoding and language. Always use
Binding Suffixes to MIME Content-Encodings
Suffixes are also used to determine the Content-Encoding of a
.Z suffix for
example). Syntax is:
AddEncoding .suffix encoding
AddEncoding .Z x-compress
Multilanguage support is also built on using suffixes to determine the
language of a document. Suffix is bound to a language by
AddLanguage rule (
.en suffix for English,
for example). Syntax is:
AddLanguage .suffix encoding
AddLanguage .en en
AddLanguage .uk en_UK
Suffix case sensitivity is by default off. You can make
suffixes case sensitive with
firstname.lastname@example.org, July 1995