W3C

W3C 20th anniversary symposium on The Future of the Web

29 Oct 2014

Chair
Jeff Jaffe
Scribe
timeless

Contents


jeff: introducing Vint Cerf
... Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist, Google

[ Applause ]

Vint Cerf - A long term view of the WWW

[ The original ARPANET Dec 1969 ]

vint: I want to wish the WWW happy 20th anniversary
... 25 for docs
... 40th anniversary for QQQ
... start out by giving a brief history
... first 4 nodes of the arpanet
... 45th anniversary

[ Internet Now ]

vint: not that it's colorful
... enormous, grand collection of networks
... diverse
... decide in independent and distributed way how they connect
... report by Google / MLAB team
... about bottlenecks, clashes in business models of backbone builders
... scaled up by factor of a million
... started w/ 400 computers
... now well over a billion computers
... plus mobile phones/smart phones, 7 years old
... first iPhone (2007)
... rapid pace of internet/successors have grown
... another thing to draw to your attention

[ Internet of Things ]

vint: casual ability to make an appliance part of the network
... create a new device and decide it should be able to communicate with an arbitrary device on the Internet
... so casual
... should terrify you at the same time
... some random device on the internet might interact with a device you care about
... internet of things is very real

[ Woodhurst sensor net ]

vint: ipv6 network in my house
... temperature in wine cellar
... I want <60deg F
... funny stories about what's happening in my wine cellar
... RFID tag on each bottle
... unfortunately you can go in and drink the bottles
... design doesn't cover each cases
... put sensors in the corks

[ laughter ]

[ Interplanetary Internet ]

vint: Earth, Mars, ISS, objects around the sun
... it is NOT TCP/IP
... it works fine on Earth, fine on Mars
... but not between them
... doesn't work between, things rotate
... we don't know how to stop that

[ laughter ]

vint: suite of protocols based on notions
... in process of being standardized
... i look forward to a growing network of space networked machines
... to support manned/robotic exploration across our solar system

[ Solid state storage ]

vint: cuneiform dry storage
... fired
... dead sea scrolls
... vellum
... Latin / Ancient Hebrew
... colorful, beautiful, lasting

[ Floppy Disks, VHS, DVD/Bluray / xxx ]

vint: librarians asking how long we'll be able to read these bits
... it isn't that we can't read bits
... we can transfer them
... but will we be able to understand them
... we need software to preserve meaning
... year 3000, you do a google search
... you're running windows 3000
... you run across a 1000 year old PPT file
... jeff pointed to this problem
... if you don't preserve ability to decipher meaning
... we'll be the dark millennia

[ Handcuffed hands at keyboard ]

vint: threats to the internet
... come from bugs
... come from ...
... we can design and build software that is more robust
... more resilient to penetration
... we need better browsers
... we need better OSs
... we need to behave better, ourselves
... maybe people didn't give permission
... we didn't ask for permission
... we're pretty bad about passwords, usernames
... we harm ourselves by not paying attention to that
... maybe we need 2FA
... we need to do better as practitioners
... to make the internet more robust
... to last for a very long time
... we'll hear about things from other speakers
... we're layer 8/layer 9
... layer 7 was Apps
... layer 8 is politics
... layer 9 is religion
... we're in layer 8
... you need to be smart engineer, politician, salesman, diplomat
... Thank you, congratulations, looking forward to fellow speakers

[ Applause ]

jeff: thank you Vint
... for that perspective of the future
... w/ any web standard, we create a springboard of the future
... a reliable way to communicate
... sometimes people have to break a few rules
... David-Michel Davies
... is going to talk about rules
... david

David-Michel Davies - Forging the Big and Beautiful Web

[ Applause ]

ddavies: thank you so much
... how are you all doing?
... David-Michel Davies
... I have three names
... one is hyphenated, my mom is french
... -- tough crowd --
... I want to talk about the big and beautiful web
... we talk about privacy, NSA, ...
... I'm from Webbie Awards.
... we want to celebrate what's great on the web
... what excites us on the web
... prism of going through this stuff
... people I disdained in the mid-90s
... how at the end of the day, those people pushed the web forward
... how i'm really grateful to them

Photo of Magasin General

ddavies: full of graffiti
... BETC
... advertising company
... creative company, felt bad about losing Graffiti
... shrine to street art in paris
... where artists go to make their best worth
... they don't want to lose this
... they created a 3d model w/ WebGL
... took pictures of the entire building

[ Video ]

ddavies: preserved not for 1000 years, but for some time
... worked w/ a curator
... incredible use of the web/technology
... to preserve buildings for the future
... Beautiful web
... isn't just the stories

[ Reasons My Son Is Crying ]

ddavies: my son is about this age

[ I won't let her wear dirty underwear a a hat ]

[ .. ]

[ I took away the gum he was chewing on the side of the trash can ... ]

[ ... ]

ddavies: my son cries a lot for broken food
... these were reasons his own son was crying
... eventually reasons for everyone

[ Music Videos w/o Music ]

ddavies: in Europe
... Miley Cyrus's footsteps walking down the hallway
... the interface is the beauty

[ Medium - "Not Unless You Wash Your Hands" ]

ddavies: girl in Niger
... big media orgs
... embracing these technologies

[ Rolling Stone, Geeks on the front lines ]

ddavies: sense here, of bringing to life video/photos
... NYT
... a pioneer in this, Snowfall

[ A Game of Shark and Minnow ]

ddavies: use video, motion, interaction, to tell moving stories
... there's sound as well
... again, not all about big professional orgs
... weird stuff too

[ Kim Jong Ill looking at things ]

[ -- laughter -- ]

ddavies: looking at cotton
... -- my favorite

[ How the Beautiful web was formed ]

[ Footbag.org ]

ddavies: that in itself should make you laugh
... professional version of hacky-sacking
... I was very lucky
... school was champion of computing
... home of eniac
... this is what we used it for
... I went to the first page

[ Carol Wedemeyer ]

ddavies: she was a hacky-sacking champion
... whether you came for this or that
... key thing, people came to the web at first
... were rule breakers
... looking for things not available in early society

[ Trepan.com ]

ddavies: '97 winner
... culture of drilling holes in your head to make you happy

[ Whole Earth Catalog ]

ddavies: didn't need to use Wayback machine, still looks like '94
... people were there because they cared

[ California Voter Foundation ]

ddavies: winner from '98

[ Union of concerned scientists ]

ddavies: science winner that year
... for me at least
... the web defined me
... made everything in life possible
... i found my first apartment on craig's list
... i trusted you
... weird thought for people today
... eclectic, non-uniform, non-professional, non-commercial
... makes sense
... no references

[ keep in mind, there were no references ]

[ NBA Jam '95 ]

ddavies: disney pursued these

[ Windows95 ]

[ CD Rom reference: After The Fact interactive ]

ddavies: I'll show you this in a second
... I have video of reference from '95

[ NBC '95 - Tom Brokaw, Los Vegas ]

brokaw: The Internet

announcer: Virtual Shopping malls
... click of the mouse

brokaw: 150$ billion in business

eschmidt: xxx

brokaw: faster more powerful machines
... ibm's 4lbs notebook computer
... cdrom player
... wristwatch for calendar form pc
... you can do w/ new systems "go to international network of computers"
... one of the guys who's made the most money is billionaire Bill Gates

bgates: very hip to be on the internet

brokaw: invasions of my privacy already

bgates: problems, use your bedtime information
... long ways away until you get a flat screen as that book today

brokaw: people will lose their jobs due to advancing technology
... ooh, it has a cdrom player

ddavies: what i remember from that early web
... i was constantly trying to learn all the rules
... i wanted to learn them
... footbag, instead of football
... engineering school, studied english
... i wanted to learn them all
... standard
... <marquee>
... <blink> was pushed out
... customs/behaviors/languages
... "FWIW"
... plOx
... taste... people trying to ensure taste
... Jakob Neislen: "Links to pages that have not been seen by the user are blue;
... links to previously seen pages are purple..."

[ Part 3 qww ]

[ South park area of SF, near Macromedia ]

ddavies: our office of webbies was near this
... people were using Flash
... big companies started by going to companies that used Flash for CD roms
... sites I hated back in the day
... Gabocorp

[ You are about to enter a new era in website design... ]

[ Video ]

[ Flash ... ]

ddavies: i really hated this
... it was ruining the web I loved

[ nrg ]

[ ~ audio: welcome to nrg.be ~ ]

[ ~ techno ~ ]

[ great flash sites too ]

ddavies: i hated flash
... but they were trying to create a new level of interaction
... a lot ame from theses

[ Praystation -- joshua davis ]

[ Square root of -1 ]

ddavies: interaction experiments

[ ~ beat ~ shoot a ball ]

ddavies: should ball behave the way it does in the real world ?

[ What I hated made what I loved better ]

ddavies: what i hated back then, flash sites
... they were going to ruin this place
... they drove the web forward
... to accept animation/rich media to tell stories

[ Killing Kennedy ]

ddavies: webbie winner this year
... telling a beautiful story

[ TheGuardian ]

[ In conclusion ]

ddavies: a lot of sites are still breaking those rules

[ Bob Dylan ]

ddavies: my phone, breaking every rule
... occulus riff
... - really incredible
... when you go back to your companies
... don't forget that we got here by breaking the rules
... thank you very much

[ Applause ]

jeff: thank you ddavies
... success of web comes from constant increase
... of enabling human expression
... Anders Whalquist
... ceo and co-founder, b-reel

Anders Wahlquist - Stories Empower, and We Power Stories

[ Applause ]

[ engineer@blackbox:~ telnet info.cern.ch ]

[ World Wide Web ]

<html>

<h3> ...

[ video ]

scribe: CSS float trick

AJAX

Google Chrome

The Mobile Web

Google Maps

touchstart

touchmove

RTCPeerConnection

[ Building the web together ]

[ Chrome ]

anders: Anders Whalquist, born in berlin, moving to sweden

[ Story Sharing on the Web ]

anders: when we started in '99
... the web was a lackluster place in our eyes
... we came from TV commercials
... on the web, we tried to create seamless places
... we used ...
... we created games for consoles..2g phones
... in 2008, we produced a game changer
... a truly emotional experience on the web
... 6to6
... webcam, cellphone, video
... to scare 40million users
... all to cell Doritos chips
... 6to6 used user generated content
... this was all flash
... this enabled us to do what we wanted
... w/ the launch of the iPad, we lost flash
... slid 3 years back

[ no video ]

anders: Arcade Fire w/ Google Chrome
... you entered your childhood address in Google Chrome
... and Google Earth
... artistic ambition and technological constraint
... to tell a story while pushing barriers is a constant challenge
... also technology, we kept on experimenting with
... which will hopefully get into professional video production
... also, how the web moved outside the device into real technology
... test driving cars
... shooting gui stuff from a robot on a real stage
... from a computer on the web
... these show examples outside browser events
... --
... in production and presentation, the web empowers us to tell a beautiful story

[ wine bottle, video, With Pereira d-dell San Francisco ]

female-announcer: alex wakes up in a different body every day
... he kept a daily record on his computer which accompanied him every day
... one day, alex fell in love
... how could he
... if he always looked different outside
... Beauty inside, inspired by Intel Inside
... movie aired in XXS different episodes
... each audience included webcam diaries
... in the end, the audience helped give alex hundreds of faces
... it got strangers discussed their sense of identity

alex: she was right, i would see her again

[ black ]

anders: web has a tension to absorb story
... web will be the entertainment forum, not the channel
... when you tell stories on the web
... don't treat technology responsibly
... the more we push, the more powerful the ...
... I'll show more stories
... Soro got lost
... with the web, he found his way 25 years later

[ Sortie En Mer ]

anders: as you fight physically with scrolling
... you get involved in the story
... it creates real fear

[ The Johnny Cash Project ]

<darobin> [ Lightning Talks line-up: https://gist.github.com/darobin/c7b1e92f04d2a1f059a1 ]

anders: one of the first croudsourcing stories
... these stories ...
... real life is now authored to fit life on the web
... web and real life cross pollinate
... now most of us cannot live without features we didn't know existed 10 years ago
... in the future, every electronic device will be connected to the WWW
... instead of people stopping in the middle of the sidewalk
... the device we're momentarily using will
... devices will help us work in a more trusted way
... our bodies will be connected
... realtime connection and analysis in everything
... no need to ask if glass is half full / half empty
... the web will have an answer
... how do you design for lightbulb/watch
... viewport will be important
... systematic approach will be important
... notification will be increasingly important
... web going everything, web design is merging into design
... whatever design, a web component
... a nest, or ...

[ Alter Banhof Video Walk ]

anders: our physical presence in a story
... will change it, personalize it
... our notion of beauty is diverse, always changing
... some new interfaces will ...
... other interfaces will need strategic / systematic thought
... technology will divide/enhance/breakdown/buildup

[ The Triadic Ballet ]

anders: make the life easier, more free
... darker prediction is world w/ billions of connected devices
... output is automated
... to supposedly help me
... with input from other devices
... creating an infinite loop w/ no human contact

[ ~ Oskar Schlemmer ~ ]

anders: we have endless opportunities to experiment with them
... to take more steps in the future
... thank you

[ Applause ]

jeff: thank you anders
... switch gears
... from beauty of web in story telling
... to power of network effect
... many have argued that web scale information sharing
... will help solve real problems
... Di-ann Eisnor
... head of Platforms and Partnerships, Community Geographer, Waze
... will look at collaborative tools
... but to reach full potential

Di-Ann Eisnor - Solving Problems together, beyond crowd sourcing to mass participation

[ Waze ]

deisnor: hello, very happy to be here
... i'm going to talk to you about crowd sourcing
... we think of crowd sourcing, we think 1st of Wikipedia
... this is an image

[ person made of pictures ]

deisnor: 100,000 gymnasts in North Korea
... creating an image
... it happens every year
... what actions can we take
... play a specific role in an image
... we think of wikipedia, maps
... for me it was maps
... I founded a company EER
... maps, it had where I had my first kiss
... borders between Israel/Palestine
... millions of things
... web services, APIs, Web Services
... fast forward to today
... scale is phenomenal
... 2 billion smart phones
... exponential increase in amount of information we can collect from people
... what happens now, what can we collect
... information
... scale of openness to sharing

[ Folded ]

deisnor: players played this video game
... ended up being able to create a model of an enzyme that had eluded scientists for 10 years
... neil young raised $6million

"The science of cartography become so exact that only a map on the same scale as the empire will suffice"

deisnor: top 10 highest funded projects are $10million or more
... star citizen $60 million
... it's not that independent is low budget
... you have a lot more powerful than ever before
... hear about Rodrigo Nino
... building he crowd funded in Bogotta
... 3,100 backers $YYY
... traditional investors don't want to create skyscrapers
... there's more money in 6 story buildings
... but by building the tallest building, they had a voice
... but 43% return

[ Mayday.us ]

deisnor: I remember being on a plane when Larry Lessig
... I had one phone on twitter
... a tablet I had, I was watching the increase in money

[ Waze ]

deisnor: For anyone who doesn't know
... it's realtime traffic navigation, crowd sourced
... by driving with it open, and getting navigation prompts
... we're able to route you around accidents / hazards
... you're anonymously giving speed data

[ 30,000 outstanding map editors ]

deisnor: 50 million drivers
... 500 global champs
... they have influence over product roadmap
... taxonomies, borders, cluster information, organize editors
... incredibly involved in identifying problems

[ Super Storm Sandy ]

deisnor: fuel crisis
... we got a call from the whitehouse on a friday
... we don't know where gas stations have power
... "can you help us?"
... we'd never considered being helpful
... we sent a push notification
... asking if people knew of open gas stations
... we got 10,000 responses
... another thing about mass participation
... identifying, solve, see immediate impact
... concrete, all helping one another
... similar things all over the world

[ Snowpocalypse ]

deisnor: people used waze
... took pictures, shared, spiked
... SSS cars trapped in accident

[ One day of waze ]

deisnor: two inches of snow paralyzed Atlanta
... look at that

[ Los Angeles ]

deisnor: look around the world, trend is slightly different
... jakarta, starts, just stays high until they go to bed
... difference between capacity and distribution
... in US, we don't have capacity
... we have distribution
... we know how algorithmically to solve this
... companies to allow different work hours for parts of their team
... but it's algorithms working w/ humans
... we're working w/ 17 cities
... we have a connected humans program
... we have cities w/ accidents connected to waze
... in traffic control centers, clear garbage faster, save lives, ...
... cities involved, Waze folks in cars, cars communicating
... we're weaving a new picture of a new urban infrastructure
... rodrigo nino wants to crowdfund an entire city
... tremendous amount of power
... me and my million friends can will anything into existence
... difference between crowdsourcing glimmers
... then, if i crowd fund this city, is there crowd governance?
... open to idea of web for problem solving, mass participation, great place
... that's it

[ Applause ]

jeff: thanks deisnor
... modern processors, sensors, ubiquitous broadband
... Moh Haghighat
... Senior Principal Engineer, Intel
... moh will talk about bringing full power of modern hardware to the web

Moh Haghighat - Bringing the Full Power of Modern Hardware to the Open Web Platform

[ Astounding JavaScript Performance Improvements ]

moh: js has been becoming fast
... hundred times faster
... ASM js is approaching native
... gap is 1.5x
... using that tech, Mozilla has brought OpenGL to the platform
... gap is for sequential scalar code
... not parallel vector code
... modern processors shifted to parallel
... growth halted in clock rate at 2005

[ Microprocessor Trends - Free Lunch is over! ]

moh: shift to parallelism
... used to be application got faster by getting new processor
... now applications have to be optimized for parallelism

[ Parallelism is now Required to Benefit from Moore's Law ]

moh: four graphs
... middle one is parallelizing and vectorizing
... today, i'll focus on vectorization

[ Optimizing Web Runtimes for Parallelism ]

moh: we did this a while back
... 1/3 cycle spent on rendering
... highly parallel
... the rest doesn't scale
... the main problem here is that the architecture of browser was set up in mid '90s w/ single processor
... we need fresh approach for looking at new design for modern hardware
... kudos to Mozilla for Servo

[ Parallel Parsing and Compilation ]

moh: we did a Background JIT compiler in 2008
... put on a separate core
... though JS is single threaded, you'd get that benefit from the extra core

[ SIMD - Single Instruction, Multiple Data ]

moh: simd, very important
... instead of operating on scalars
... 1 operation now on vectors
... idea from supercomputers
... we approached friends at Mozilla
... Brendan Eich

[ he was here yesterday ]

moh: we implemented that in 2 browsers in less than one year
... firefox part landed in Nightly
... i'll show some demos

[ Mandelbrot ]

moh: fps ~18fps

[ Chromium demo ]

[ Firefox Nightly same demo ]

moh: with webworkers, we can get even better

[ Bringing SIMD to JavaScript ]

moh: MS has joined proposal
... we're happy to see it in all browsers

[ SIMD Speedups on Chromium ]

moh: essential for high performance libraries

[ Emscripten now targets SIMD.js ]

moh: Emscripten compiles C++ to JS
... using LLVM

[ Toward Perceptual Computing ]

moh: device can sense your action
... device can see you, feel you, recognize your action
... arrival of 3d cameras
... in additional to higher level resolution imaging
... they allow depth imaging
... filter out far objects
... focus on close ones

[ 3D Camera Make Perceptual Computing Accessible ]

moh: work in browser w/o plugin
... all open source technology
... 1st show you Magic Xylophone
... I can play with a finger
... or play with my head

[ laughter ]

moh: it uses motion detection as an approximation of edge detection
... 3d camera it does better
... intel has embedded 3d camera, Dell has
... i'll show you a WebRTC demo

[ Fruit Ninja HD ]

moh: it will recognize my finger

[ Xylophone 3D ]

moh: it recognizes my hand
... my head doesn't trigger it

[ WebDL Depth ]

moh: it's rendering me in realtime
... 2 cameras
... it can go back, filter the background
... bring perceptual computing to the web
... fundamentally change online shopping
... put clothes on, all on the web
... without having models
... scan an object
... share it
... manipulate it
... rotate it
... 3d objects, interact, navigate
... this would make augmented reality, a reality on the web
... platform

[ Web: The Most Viable Cross-Platform Technology Today ]

moh: ubiquitous application platform of the future
... more visual, more perceptual
... running with the full power of the hardware platform

[ Applause ]

jeff: thanks moh
... earlier this afternoon, i said the success of the web comes from how it enables human interaction
... a key part of that is trust
... we need to rethink the role of individuals in controlling their data
... Sandy Pentland

[ Applause ]

Alex 'Sandy' Pentland - Toward A Sustainable Digital Ecology

pentland: 10 years ago we started playing w/ smart phones
... people moving around in SF
... we did analysis on this
... big dots are popular restaurants, bars
... can find tribes (common places)
... Fast Food, Natural, Sexual Orientation, Credit Score, Diabetes, Alcoholism
... this is really dangerous
... in the web, you write things
... searching is a little dodgy
... you show things by what you search for
... but, by living you life, someone watching the data can know more about you, than you yourself
... great, we can know about diabetes
... but unless we change things
... we'd have reactive legislation blocking everything

[ The New Deal on Data ]

pentland: I started a conversation in Davos, CH
... w/ Federal Trade Collision
... w/ chairman of Vodafone
... about what to do about this
... required was a win-win-win solution
... governments needed to feel good
... citizens need to be good
... identify theft?
... and companies need to be able to make money
... giving citizens the right to know something about data
... right to posses, control, dispose
... there's lots of data today that you don't own
... sort of a serfdom
... move to democracy
... to have political buy-in
... w/o that, the disturbances we've seen in political force will only increase
... Ability to know what's collected, have some say, to profit from it
... those together form the medieval common law
... from that, we have Trust networks
... examples of networks that allow peer-to-peer communication in trusted ways
... openPDS, prototype by Kerberos Internet Trust Consortium

[ Legal Architecture ]

pentland: people say "my head hurts"
... using only contract law
... contract law is interoperable across countries
... Swift network is a great network
... $3 trillion / day
... if I were going to steal money, that's where i go
... as far as we know, it's never been hacked
... same for Visa Inter-bank network
... why hasn't it been hacked?
... for each bit in the communication, there's a term in the contract
... for each bit, we have liability
... you're part of the network, you have liability
... you'll watch very closely
... contract law + digital structure is quite robust

[ openPDS ]

pentland: we talked w/ MITRE
... about releasing OpenID Connect
... they developed for the US Mil
... example for National strategy for cyber ID
... way to propagate id
... auditability
... if i give you a license to use my data, i have to be able to check what you did
... you can't do what i din't allow
... it also has a trusted compute cell
... instead of giving you my gps coords
... you can get a single bit (am i in SF? yes/no)
... this gives protection on consumer side
... limit data distribution to build trust

[ Distributed Systems NSA Failures ]

acarter: This failure originated from two practices that we need to reverse.
... there was an enormous amount of information concentrated in one place,
... and second, no individual show be given the kind of access Mr. Snowden had.

pentland: how many companies have a single data store ?

[ Hands ]

pentland: that's the problem

[ A Personal Data Ecology ]

pentland: we're deploying it @ MIT
... can we use this
... we're working w/ Mass General Hospital
... to make medical services more under control of the patient
... work w/ Telcos Trento/TelcomItalia (i'm on board)/municipal auth/local stores
... to share data in a human way
... for young families, and now for seniors
... change risk scenario for people

[ Sample Apps and Services ]

pentland: From US
... measure / share mental health data among soldiers
... sharing this data among soldiers is a bad idea -- verbotten
... sharing anonymously, we had 90+% opt-in
... soldiers could compare themselves to other soldiers, know if they're doing well/poorly
... whether to seek help
... Improve My Social Life
... -- in Italy, they put the location of their kids on the web
... how many of you would do that?
... In a world where you can control where your data is distributed, and audit it
... again 90+% did it
... What would people do with it?
... "go where all the kids are"
... using it to agree among their friends about where the kids would be
... Save Me Money
... do you spend as much money on transportation as your friends?
... you don't share financial information
... if you have a trusted web
... these young families in Italy shared how much they spent on transportation, rent,
... which doctors they went to, which schools
... data you don't share, that these did
... if we build a trusted web by using these techniques, they'll come
... and we'll end up w/ a nicer world all around
... that's what i mean by a nicer sustainable ecology
... thank you

[ Applause ]

jeff: Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel
... FCC commissioner

Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel - Access for All

jr: I have no slides

[ Applause ]

jr: i'm really happy to be here in celebrating the 20th year of WWW
... and as Vint mentioned, Web turned 25
... as tbl is here
... he gave a TED talk
... asking us to mark this occasion
... by coming up w/ a Magna Carta for the Web
... i wanted to do my part for this
... for me, the history of the web is one of inclusion
... breaking down barriers
... it's our town square
... global opportunity
... entertain, interact, govern ourselves, even in Washington
... our Magna Carta should include Access for people w/ Disabilities

[ Applause ]

jr: using W3C's basic premise
... the web is for everyone
... how can we use this technology to knock down the walls
... that keep people from participating in modern life
... big question
... i don't have the answers
... Stevie Wonder
... OCR
... Bahrain
... now that i've confused you
... please stick w/ me
... and i'll show you they relate
... a few weeks ago, Stevie Wonder visited me
... I have a cool job
... but musical greats aren't common
... Stevie Wonder isn't just a great musician
... he's also a tireless advocate for individuals w/ disabilities
... a few years ago, he was w/ Barack Obama when he signed the law
... 20th century act for people w/ disabilities
... i worked on this law, w/ the senate
... if you haven't heard of this law
... it's very important
... it pries open new opportunities for
... people
... i'm prouder still of the work the FCC has done to implement this law
... we've worked w/ people w/ disabilities, broadcasters, companies
... we've improved CC
... on a range of platforms
... we've developed video description policies
... enhanced video programs, guides, and menus
... broader effort
... kickstarted conversation about accessibility of technologies by design
... instead of a game of catch up
... have accessibility and innovation walk hand in hand
... some of the technologies came today because of people w/ disabilities
... in 1974, Ray Kurzweil
... developed OCR
... to recognize letters in any font
... he sat next to a blind man on a plane
... who told him that one of the biggest obstacles he encountered was reading materials
... that weren't for the blind
... so first he developed a flat bed scanner
... and then he developed technology for speech synthesis
... a few years later, Lexis/Nexus
... used it to upload legal documents
... OCR has been used to digitize 10s of millions of books
... to make them searchable
... today you have OCR technology to read foreign language/signs
... useful for all of us
... this story reminds us that it has applications for all
... think about wearable devices
... for a young veteran with disabilities
... think about what a self driving vehicle can mean for the blind
... think about VR
... it's not just for gamers
... it's been used for teaching new wheelchair users skills for the real world
... sensors at grocery store could communicate w/ disabled user's phone
... classroom w/ RFID could animate signs for the deaf
... possibilities are endless
... which brings me to Bahrain
... it's hot and humid too
... for 165 nations
... they came together for the ITU global symposium of regulators
... at these fora, they come together to talk about regulation, spectrum, adoption
... for the first time, the US decided to convene a session about disability access
... to make the world more accessible for all
... it was a success, other countries were really really interested
... we talked about lessons learned
... in our 21st century disabilities act
... going forward, i think we need to hold sessions like this at every gathering
... if we do this, I think in a few years we will see change at a global level
... Stevie Wonder, OCR, Bahrain
... put together policies for access to all in digital age
... policies for together
... push these policies out to the world
... Sirdup
... I'll spare you my musings

Music is a world within itself

With a language we all understand

With an equal opportunity

For all to sing, dance and clap their hands

jr: let's create a web with equal opportunity for all
... to create, ... take a stand

[ Applause ]

jeff: thank you jr
... we've heard about accessibility, media, beauty, power
... change in pace, panel discussion on the future of the web
... moderator: Lee Rainie
... panelists, Fadi Chehade
... Jun Murai
... Darren Walker

Panel Discussion: “The Future of the Web and How it is Run”

[Lee Rainie (Moderator), Director of the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project; Fadi Chehadé, President and CEO, ICANN ; Jun Murai, Dean and Professor of the Faculty of Environment and Information Studies at Keio University ; Darren Walker, President of the Ford Foundation ]

rainie: thank you very much
... 90% of Americans on the web have said it's a plus
... improvement in lives
... 76% improvement in societies
... i think it's the same on the world
... as new countries in Subsahara come online
... they immediately become social
... they appreciate it
... first question
... how the thing that works in so many ways for so many people
... can stay that way
... moment of transition
... challenge for the web
... how should it be governed
... how should it be distributed

chehade: thank you
... happy birthday web
... governance systems of 21st century are challenged
... the more they're challenged, the more they're going to try to control
... (VP of Latin American Country ->) Fade, the web is powerful
... we governments like power, we're going to control
... it's a matter of time
... </quote>
... appreciate straight talk
... they're all trying to figure out how to participate
... it's up to us
... if we say no, what he said is what will happen
... if we find a way to let them participate
... the Magna Carta (of tbl)
... but the time is now
... let me give you one date
... UN General Assembly meets Sep-Oct every year
... next year it will be focused on the Internet/Society
... decide whether to keep the multistakeholder internet governance
... or scrap it
... time for governments to step in
... not a long time
... most of their thoughts will be shaped by June of 2015
... only a few months
... I want to make sure
... people here who care deeply
... make sure this group ...
... -- I come from a small minority in Egypt
... the web helped our group
... it's the most powerful source of solidarity
... we're now challenged
... we need to pay attention
... and find a role for governments
... if governments aren't able to participate
... they'll do it their way
... and their way is around the lines they're familiar w/

murai: most of you are from the US
... or Japan
... from Internet Developing companies
... 80-90% ratio
... world population, it's more 30-35%
... think about Internet subsuming Society
... many people in the world are living after Internet, assuming the Internet
... thinking about Industry, Health
... in Internet developed countries
... in several years from now, extended to global space
... responsibility of those experienced Internet Assuming countries
... need to be working toward global space After-Internet era
... 2)
... I'm involved in Internet Domain Name
... I remember late 90s
... presenting internet space
... interesting discussion
... now i'm working on truly global space
... for the first time
... i'm still discussing w/ Domain people about global space v. International space
... still difficult to talk to Politicians/Students in Japan
... we're now responsible on a global space

walker: thanks
... i'm not a technologist
... i'm an American citizen
... president of an organization
... that cares about democracy
... cares about a utopian world
... creating a virtual global commons
... our real public commons is a contested space
... certainly in this country
... contestation of consumerism
... and citizenry is playing itself out in profound ways on the internet
... question is about mobilization of people for democracy
... not for buying things
... we need democracy, and participation
... how are we thinking about involving people
... questions we're thinking about
... where is the infrastructure of civil society
... people who care about civil rights
... we think about kinds of Capacity that need to be built
... kinds of organizations that need to be built
... for a democracy to be built

rainie: questions by vint
... questions about censorship
... only one country in which majority of citizens opposed censorship, was Pakistan

[ List of countries wanted 75% opposed to citizenship ]

rainie: we did surveys of experts w/ Elon U in NC
... in this room
... asked recently about threats in internet

chehade: increased fragmentation
... had a 2 1/2 qq increase
... this was more than energy costs
... frictions on Internet have impact on human solidarity, freedoms
... frictions will increase if governments
... those who impose
... are unable to govern the internet any other way
... frictions can come from two other sources
... also by ISPs
... increasing concern that ISPs who are attacked quite significantly
... I met one of the largest IPSs
... they quadrupled their investment/staff
... sometimes their corporate customers ask why don't you create your own network
... pressure from large corporates to fragment
... fragmentation takes away the magic
... that Vint helped make
... we need to help take away the friction
... 57 ways Boston RRR noted
... look at friction, who's contributing in your community/country

<marie> [/me to timeless (before my laptop dies): thanks so much for the great notes!]

chehade: and fight them
... pick one, fight them

murai: completely agree about Fragmentation
... #1 threat
... also, loss of transparency is another threat
... connecting
... typical one, Internet is dangerous, therefore disconnect internet
... hiding everything, losing transparency
... if their system is not transparent

walker: biggest risk is policy/politics
... we don't have political apparatus to address the issues
... in the way they need to be addressed
... yes scientists matters
... but citizens matter the most
... where are citizens in this

rainie: we'll open this to the audience
... mics in the middle of the room
... misperceptions/myths?
... people are not wise about technology
... they're not aware of what technology does for them
... what can educational/marketing efforts speak to them

murai: from a technical point of view
... who owns the data
... who owns the data is misinterpreted/misunderstood
... sensors
... owned by person, building?
... one thing concerned about
... After Internet
... every industry, Automobile, they're on the internet
... they're not communicating
... they're creating new silos on top of the Internet

<renoirb> They are still creating the new types of silos on top of the internet

rainie: you must be concerned everyday about how people misunderstand ICANN

chehade: biggest frustration is that people think ICANN runs the internet
... biggest problem when I explained to President RR
... we don't run the internet
... it generates quite a bit of attention with website names

<renoirb> Fadi: The biggest frustration that I have is that I am not the president of the Internet.

chehade: and generates revenue
... one web/one internet
... that's all we do
... frustration i have
... many people think the only way they think the Internet can be governed
... is by creating a governance model
... that's top down
... antithetic to the Internet
... we'd like to create a poly-centric governance model
... ICANN, W3C, RIRs are nodes
... that's ill understood by current governance model
... look at my interactions w/ French government
... it means well

rainie: citizens aren't aware of how powerful of their voices
... not sure about the voice/space itself
... how are you thinking about
... driving them so their voice can count

walker: this is where people like you really matter
... i exist w/ Kellog, Rockefeller
... these give millions of dollars away to further poverty reduction
... there's such weak understanding
... i sit at a table w/ people trying to improve high school graduation rates
... they're using technology that's a decade old
... they're using that's intimidating
... when Di-ann
... was talking, change philanthropy through mass participation
... bring people together through grassroots
... huge power

vint: you mentioned things Decades Olds
... Magna Cart 1216, 800 years
... Westphalia XXX, 400 years
... about time to examine these things
... these ideas were extremely important/powerful at their time
... in particular case of the treaty
... established notion of nations, boundaries
... as june pointed out
... global environment, shared space, not separated by nations/boundaries
... post-westphalian world w/ the advent of the Internet/WWW
... leads to notion which ICANN blazed
... multi-stakeholder notion
... government, private sector, civil society all have a role
... when governments are created, their purpose is to protect population from harm
... by establishing limits to protect
... you can go to an extreme SAFE but NOT HAPPY
... dilemma, separation of two possible histories
... 1) cooperative engagements with governments
... 2) defensive crouch by governments
... chehade, talking about them vs. us, it's often us-vs-us
... as we're responsible for them
... how to facilitate a cooperative world
... as opposed a defensive ...

[ Applause ]

chehade: never disagree w/ vint
... vint has been leading this work
... where the worldview that the westphalian world view has been challenged
... how do we find a way to bring governments and governance in sync

rainie: a youth culture around the world
... not as attached to government sovereignty
... maybe generational change

Speaker1: ...
... one of them is, depending upon DNS to hold the world together
... by default, that surgical thread expires every year
... don't we need to find a stable world

chehade: you're saying DNS is central

Speaker1: DNS is a thread that holds all the links together
... by default, every link fails
... that gives government a way to deny access
... shouldn't we make this our infrastructure

chehade: I think we should
... when I met tbl in London and I was starting ICANN
... he said, when we started this thing, we hoped there would not be a single point of failure

<Bert> (Speaker is Bob Frank-something)

Speaker1: we should stop having to pay yearly

chehade: that's a yearly model, that we'll need to talk about
... the size that it grew to is alarming
... we just conducted a second auction between warring parties over a new TLD
... the last month, the auction proceeds exceeded $30 million
... that disturbs me
... we put these monies in a separate bucket
... we won't use them until we figure out what to do with this
... both tbl and vint worried about this

tbraken: Tom Braken, new TLD .build
... to chehade, what this new community of hundreds of top level domains
... communities, or areas (.paris, .london), or brands (.apple)

chehade: i want to separate the issue of Money from Value
... i think there's value
... I was in Paris with the mayor when he introduced .paris
... I was in the Vatican when they introduced .catholic
... some will fail, as they should
... others will do very well
... as for the impact on governance
... a Turkish company applied for .islam
... this wasn't amusing the the Saudi government
... Amazon applied for .amazon
... a few hundreds in Latin America didn't like that
... they thought they owned the Amazon
... there was .gay
... who has to prove that they represent the community
... governance is proving equal to governing cultural fissures

Speaker3: question is similar to...

pentland: I remember a conversation w/ it minister in Brazil
... he said we're not trying to break up the internet
... we just want some say
... they just want some control of commerce
... they want something that's acceptable
... you mentioned the UN
... i'm on a committee to advise the Secretary General
... the document will be released on Nov 6
... the UN will vote on sustainable goals
... governments will need interoperable data policies
... and companies will need reporting
... and this goes to an open Commons
... that's necessary for a sustainable future
... need to be visible to compare apples to oranges
... higher priority for countries
... they're committed to this (open Commons)
... grow on that Commons
... to support the vision we'd like to see
... but faced w/ the reality that there will be some local control
... not popular, but political

murai: to chehade,
... Being hosted by World Economic Forum
... World Economic Forum
... if we think about the economy of the world
... global issue
... thinking about individual person on the entity, is a global entity
... Internet is Global, Web is Global
... is that the nature of the world to be hosted in the World Economic Forum

chehade: thank you murai
... allow us to find a way to balance global rules of global policies
... with needs of local things
... to solve things to the closest way
... approaching the world for poly-centric internet governance
... for murai, some will be announced next week
... two initiatives in the works
... one is in the WEF
... things have been happening in WEF, they've been happening on the sides of that important body of decision makers
... in the last few months, we've arrived with the founder
... this year in Davos, we'll have ...
... because of that, we're getting very serious participation
... prime minister Modi
... government of China
... governments are responding that they want to engage in Davos
... important because it will impact General Assembly next year
... second
... they meet and discuss models for privacy/management of data
... how do these go from privacy
... how do we go about to make policies for ways we use the Internet
... when we met President Usef
... what did she do? she went to the UN in 2013 (to the General Assembly)
... saying "solve this"
... we met her in Brasilia
... saying that she should bring platforms
... and she agreed

murai: i didn't mean to leak your announcement

walker: we've seen this story before
... this idea that it would devolve to regions
... at the country level, the capacity to engage
... where's that capacity going to come from?
... the power imbalance
... i think of WEF
... this should be the World Democracy Forum, not WEF

chehade: you're spot on why we need both things to happen
... but what's different from any effort in the past
... this time, we're starting from the bottom up
... that's never happened before
... it wasn't even possible
... when Di-Ann was talking
... should used the word crowd-governance
... we need to bring all of us
... major call to action
... stay tuned (next week)

rainie: last two questions before tbl

Yosuke_Funahashi: W3C
... i'd like to hear
... what are the dreams you'd like to achieve for 5 years, or 10 years later for the web

rainie: we'll make that the organizing principle of dinner conversations

BobHinden: BBB
... we should build the web/internet that we want
... tbl
... Internet has always had hard issues
... we shouldn't let that stop us
... my kids sort of grew up always having the internet
... which i think is
... there's a new generation coming
... not the people "what are the tubes?"
... late senator from alaska
... when you see my grandson using an iPad
... it won't even be a question
... what we're building here
... the momentum, the trend, the people

rainie: nice final world
... thank you

[ Applause ]

<renoirb> ... Current generation is building the upcoming government policies.

Closing Talk: Tim Berners-Lee, Web Inventor and W3C Director

jeff: final speaker is tbl
... Sir Tim Berners-Lee
... thank you tbl

<renoirb> Jeff Jaffe, on stage. Introducing sir Tim Berners Lee

jeff: and tbl will offer closing remarks

tbl: problem w/ closing remarks
... don't appear on stage w/ animals+children
... don't appear after people
... these are my people
... don't talk too fast

[ Applause ]

tbl: never appear on stage after someone has played on stage w/ a 3d-xylophone
... it's been great to have people talking about the future
... concerns and hopes
... good to hear about ideas
... extending well out into the future
... way outside of the things we've been talking about
... taking it back to the W3C
... 25th anniversary of the WWW
... 20th anniversary of W3C
... for me, it's been pretty amazing
... 25 years ago, i invented this thing
... we had the internet
... Internet dreamt up 40 years ago
... we had netnews
... we had email
... people emailed me that he found out about this
... Kevin Hues created a dinosaur exhibit in Hawaii
... I woke up
... president of university, puzzled about this dinosaur exhibit
... hundreds of people didn't know about the web at all
... but lots of people did get it

tbl: if everybody did this, that would be really cool
... some say it'd be cool, and do nothing
... some say and do
... i had a list of web site when there were 26
... that was the last time i had a list
... historical artifact
... really amazing: the spirit
... this could be really really cool
... spirit of collaboration
... original HTML spec
... basically one web page
... list of the tags
... there were 6 tags
... we just released the HTML5 spec
... a lot thinker, a lot more tags
... as soon as we released 6, there were ideas for more
... but people agreed to work to consensus
... settled on
... we didn't yet call a standard
... the web was built by people w/ that sort of spirit
... 5 years later, we built a consortium, because companies said we needed that
... something we'd understand
... specs for the web
... things more than just on my machine on my desk
... CERN.ch
... huge kudos to the companies that got involved early on
... huge kodus to CERN 1983

<renoirb> ... We need to have to understand, a process, shared and with consensus

tbl: after a discussion of the gopher protocol
... was subject to royalties
... we went to CERN
... CERN made that statement
... about 10 years later
... the consortium made an equally important phase
... called out by a nasty occasion
... where people joined a WG to trap people into a protocol
... and then we created the Patent Policy
... bit-by-bit as the spec is produced, companies give of IP
... companies organized on a business model where entire divisions were suing people
... people had to say "we understand this is important"
... but "we hear from engineering/products that this is important"
... on this 20th anniversary
... my huge thanks to the people of W3C
... it's a wide group
... two types of people
... great and good
... wise people
... we'd invite to speak on stage
... the others, because we plunked this in the middle of your meetings
... you're trying to work on the minutiae of how the web works
... we have 2 1/2 days, pausing
... this, and then 2 days diving back in
... we try to make specs good, fair, fast

<renoirb> tbl: We want to make it fair

tbl: too good, take too long
... too fast ...
... W3C, we have to continuously balance those
... to get that optimal
... good, fair, fast,
... pushing people really hard
... huge workloads
... phone conferences in the middle of the night
... so their colleagues can do them during the day
... all of you
... consortium consists of more than the people in the room
... and thanks to the families, spouses

[ Applause ]

tbl: sorry about
... and the 2am phone calls
... we appreciate what they do
... about Layers
... Politics (8), Religion (9)
... when ISO folks dreamt up the numbers for the layers
... lower folks over packets
... Packets around/across the internet
... transport is Layer 4
... your laptop just needs to know a name/number
... doesn't have to know about the in between
... cloud storage, stuff things in, things come out on the other end
... HTTP, HTML
... we could do the things that this layer does
... w/o worrying about TCP

<renoirb> tbl: "Stuff came in, stuff came out" dont care about anything else

tbl: they may not have designed the layer numbers in mind
... something flat
... no bumps
... you can construct things on it any way you like
... simple interface, squirting in, squirting out
... no constraints about what you put on top
... property of platform, it's sound
... technologie start off 300bits/s ('89)
... billions of bits/s
... trains don't go billion miles per hour
... we need to keep the layers both socially
... and policy-wise
... and technical
... design TCP
... don't peak inside the packets
... in general, except special occasions
... policy bit
... buy our internet
... the people who sell our internet shouldn't put constraints on it
... separate market for the Internet
... has worked really well
... really important
... why did i mention it?
... because jr is here
... [ FCC commissioner ]
... it's important
... why it's been taking off
... it's really important
... supplies connectivity

<renoirb> tbl: To maintain a separation between things

tbl: developed completely separately
... that that layer is neutral
... a big part of the Magna Carta
... is neutrality
... not just for market reasons
... not just for ISPs to be paid in an appropriate fashion
... but the things we build in our lives
... are so critical to health
... to communications in families
... to political
... we just have to take the neutrality of the medium
... the independence
... in this country
... if you go to the Newseum
... they have a carved amendment for freedom of press
... we should have an amendment
... congress shall make no law that interferes w/ the internet
... browsers need to be able to break the layers for debugging
... but sometimes, we need to break layers to be open minded
... sometimes we need to spend time defending it
... you're a web level engineer, making cool websites/cat videos
... sometimes you have to spend a bit of time worrying that your ISP owns the cat-video-market
... we should break the layers in that respect
... trying to follow vint's model
... hypothetical pages
... good model
... open web platform
... every web page is a programmable computer
... you can roll out anything you can program
... especially w/ WebRTC
... you can design whole new computers, distributed systems
... because we have this platform
... but also
... 25/20th anniversary
... also think about applications
... application layer is code for things that uses us
... think about who's going to use us
... why are we doing this
... what's important in this world

<renoirb> tbl: We should have a duty to remind ourselves about the why we are doing this

tbl: millennial goals
... Ford Foundation
... inequality
... wish for anything in your life
... something to cure cancer/alzheimers
... massive goals
... some of them are really
... we'll be in dire straight
... massive challenges for humanity
... some of those things we can't do unless
... our political systems become more functional
... if we're going to fix the world, we'll need to make technology more functional
... design a social network in an application
... when people Tweet
... look at what happens when Tweets go across the twittosphere
... emotionally powerful tweets get retweeted
... even powerful people
... after a couple of rounds
... you either see happy/grumpy
... could we deliberately design a system
... instead of it saying you have 374 friends
... you may need to meet this person because he knows half of them already
... it takes your social graph to a big solid lump
... if you only meet friends of your friends
... when you go to a party
... you'll only meet people who were at the last party
... no new ideas
... so suppose you introduce stretch friends
... different religion
... different gender

[ laughing ]

tbl: different country
... different party
... too much of a stretch?

[ laughter ]

tbl: figure out to use this stuff for humanity
... allow us to interact
... tend to be more effective
... be accepting of each other
... huge amounts of effort to achieve something
... sacrificing
... your own way of looking at things
... because you just realized that the other person's way is ok too
... things you do in WGs
... W3C: build software, build systems
... consensus organization
... we need to make the world a consensus organization
... thank you

[ APPLAUSE ]

[ Standing ovation ]

jeff: thanks tbl
... and the speakers and panelists
... thank once again the W3C20 sponsors
... intel, ...
... we'll now break for a little more than an hour
... before we reset the room for dinner
... quiet rooms, for email
... rooms for demos
... rooms for technical conversations
... signs on the rooms throughout the hotel
... dinner 7:30-10pm in this room
... use this time however you like
... seating @ 7:15
... see you in another hour
... thank you

[ applause ]

<koalie> timeless, thanks a bunch!

<koalie> timeless++

Summary of Action Items

[End of minutes]

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