Long Description of W3C10 Timeline Graphic
This timeline graphic produced
for W3C's Tenth Anniversary
Celebration displays the following types of information
Pre-Internet, Internet, Web, W3C Event timeline
- 1945: Vannevar
Bush article In Atlantic Monthly about a photo-electrical
mechanical device called a Memex, for memory extension, which could
make and follow links between documents on microfiche
1960: J.C.R. Licklider, Man Computer Symbiosis
- 1962: Douglas Englebart publishes "AUGMENTING HUMAN INTELLECT: A Conceptual Framework"
- 1965: Ted Nelson coins the term "Hypertext" in
"A File Structure for the Complex, the Changing, and the
Indeterminate". 20th National Conference, New York, Association for
- 1968: Douglas Englebart demonstrates Online System (NLS).
- 1969: Advanced Research Projects Agency commissions ARPANET to conduct research on networking. First ARPANET nodes connected.
- 1971: Ray Tomlinson of BBN creates email
program to send messages across a distributed network.
- 1972: Tomlinson expands program to ARPANET
users, using the "@" sign as part of the address.
- 1974: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn publish "A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection", which specified in detail the design of a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).
- 1978: Part of TCP splits off, becoming the Internet Protocol (IP).
- 1980: While consulting for CERN, Tim Berners-Lee writes a notebook program, "Enquire-Within-Upon-Everything", which allows links to be made between arbitrary nodes.
- 1984: Paul Mockapetris introduces Domain Name System (DNS).
1989 to 1993
- Mar 1989: "Information Management: A Proposal" written by Tim Berners-Lee and circulated for comments at CERN.
- May 1990: Information Management: A proposal, version 2 published.
- End 1990: Development begins for first browser (called "WorldWideWeb"), editor, server, and line-mode browser. Culminates in first Web client-server communication over Internet in December 1990.
- Dec 1991: Hypertext '91 Conference in San Antonio, Texas (USA). TBL paper on Web only accepted as poster session.
- Jun 1992: TimBL visits Xerox, hosted by Larry Masinter.
- Aug 1992:
TimBL visits MIT/LCS hosted by Karen Sollins.
- Dec 1992: First Web server outside of Europe set up at Stanford University.
- Jan 1993: Number of browsers increasing and includes Midas, Erwise, Viola, and Samba.
- Mar 1993: NCSA releases first alpha version of Mosaic for X Windows.
- Apr 1993: CERN agrees to allow anyone to use Web protocol and code royalty-free.
- Jun 1993: Dale Dougherty of O'Reilly hosts WWW Wizards Workshop in Cambridge Massachusetts, USA
- Nov 1993: At a Newcastle, U.K. conference, Tim Berners-Lee discusses the future of the Web with MIT's David Gifford, who suggests that Tim contact Michael Dertouzos.
1994 to 1997
- 1994: Mark Andreessen and colleagues leave NCSA to form Mosaic Communications Corp., which later became Netscape.
- 1994: Traditional dial-up systems (CompuServe, AOL, Prodigy) begin to provide Internet access.
- Feb 1994: Tim Berners-Lee meets Michael Dertouzos in Zurich to discuss possibility of starting new organization at MIT
- Apr 1994: Alan Kotok, then at DEC, visits CERN to discuss creation of Consortium
- 1 Oct 1994: W3C created.
- Apr 1995: INRIA becomes W3C Host in Europe.
- Jun 1995: First W3C Workshop, on Content Rating; leads to PICS.
- Jun 1996: In response to "Peabody meeting" W3C forms Process ERB
- Sep 1996: Keio University becomes W3C Host in Asia.
- 1997: W3C publishes first W3C Recommendation for HTML
— HTML 3.2.
W3C Activity Creation timeline
- 1995: Graphics, Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), Style
- 1996: Math, Extensible Markup Language (XML)
- 1997: Document Object Model (DOM), Patent Policy, Privacy, Synchronized Multimedia, Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
- 1998: Internationalization
- 1999: Voice Browser
- 2000: URI
- 2001: Device Independence, Semantic Web, XML Key Management, Quality Assurance
- 2002: Multimodal Interaction, Web Services
- 2003: XForms
- 2004: Compound Document Formats
World Wide Web Conference location timeline
- June 1994: Geneva
- October 1994: Chicago
- April 1995: Darmstadt
- December 1995: Boston
- 1996: Paris (Largest conference to date
- 1997: Santa Clara
- 1998: Brisbane
- 1999: Toronto
- 2000: Amsterdam
- 2001: Hong Kong
- 2002: Honolulu
- 2003: Budapest
- 2004: New York
Number of Web Servers timeline
Source: Hobbes' Internet Timeline v8.0
- 1991: 1
- 1992: 10
- 1993: 50
- 1994: 623
- 1995: 10,022
- 1996: 100,000
- 1997: 603,367
- 1998: ~1.6 million
- 1999: ~3.7 million
- 2000: ~9.5 million
- 2001: ~26 million
- 2002: ~36 million
- 2003: ~35 million
- 2004: more than ~46 million
last revised $Date: 2005/04/14 04:16:09 $ by $Author: ijacobs $
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