Educational materials/What is HTML

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What is HTML

HTML is a Markup Language for creating Web pages.


HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is used to creating Web pages. That is, Web page all over the world consists of HTML.
We can look at how other people have coded their Web pages. Click on the "View" menu and then on "Source".

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
  <title>Sample Web page</title>
  <p>Here is a paragraph</p>


The HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the publishing language of the World Wide Web. The first version of HTML was described by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991. For its first five years (1990-1995), HTML went through a number of revisions and experienced a number of extensions, primarily hosted first at CERN, and then at the IETF.

With the creation of the W3C, HTML's development changed venue again. A first abortive attempt at extending HTML in 1995 known as HTML 3.0 then made way to a more pragmatic approach known as HTML 3.2, which was completed in 1997. HTML4 followed, reaching completion in 1998.

Version Published year
HTML+ 1993
HTML2.0 1995
HTML3.2 1997
HTML4.01 1999

See also 1.4 History


HTML uses markup tags to creating Web pages. All contents on the Web page is meant by tag. For examples, "Here is a paragraph", "This is a image" and so on.

Let's see the next contents "Tag syntax".