HTML/Training/What is HTML

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What is HTML?

HTML is a markup language for creating webpages.


HTML stands for "hypertext markup language." It is used to create webpages. That is, webpages all over the world consist of HTML.

We can look at how other people have coded their webpages. Most web browsers have an option to view a webpage's sourcecode, such as clicking on the "View" menu and then on "Source."

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
  <title>Sample Webpage</title>
  <p>Here is a paragraph.</p>


The hypertext markup language (HTML) is the publishing language of the World Wide Web. The first version of HTML was described by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991. For its first five years (1990-1995), HTML went through a number of revisions and experienced a number of extensions, primarily hosted first at CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research), and then at the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force).

With the creation of the W3C, HTML's development changed venue again. A first abortive attempt at extending HTML in 1995 known as HTML 3.0 made way to a more pragmatic approach known as HTML 3.2, which was completed in 1997. HTML 4 followed, reaching completion in 1998.

Version Published year
HTML+ 1993
HTML 2.0 1995
HTML 3.2 1997
HTML 4.01 1999

See also 1.4 History.


HTML uses markup tags to create webpages. All content on a webpage is determined by the tags, such as: "here is a paragraph," "this is an image," and so on.

Let's see the next contents, "Tag syntax."