Semiotics.owl

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Semiotics OWL Pattern

Hierarchy

  • InformationEntity
    • Expression =~ Term
    • Manifestation =~ Material
  • Meaning =~ Concept
  • Reference =~ Instance

Key Properties

  • denotes: InformationEntity => Reference
  • expresses: Expression => Meaning
  • hasManifestation: InformationEntity => Manifestation
  • hasConceptualization: Reference => Meaning

Examples

  • oldBathTub (a owl:NamedIndividual) hasConceptualization FlowerPlanter (a owl:Class) .
  • 'beehive' expresses Beehive (a owl:Class) .
  • 'Leonardo da Vinci' denotes LeonardoDaVinci (a owl:NamedIndividual) .
  • 'Mouse' denotes denotes MusMusculus (a owl:NamedIndividual punned from a owl:Class) .
  • DantesComedy is manifested as a Book

Semiotic Triangle

             `Meaning`
               ^  |
               |  |
             ---  ---
 expresses   |      | conceptualizes  
           ---      ---
           |          |
           |          v
  `Expression`------->`Reference`
              denotes

Practical Example

The term 'G8' expresses the OWL Class G8Countries and denotes the set {Canada,France,Germany,Italy,Japan,Russia,US,UK}, which is conceptualized by G8Countries

Further properties

  • Linguistic (speech) acts as settings for Expression, Manifestations, Expressions and References
  • Related meaning as Meaning => Meaning property

Linguistic act example

:lingAct_1 a :Quote, semiotics:LinguisticAct ;
  situation:isSettingFor _:agent ;
  situation:isSettingFor :lingAct_2 .

_:agent a agentrole:Agent ;
  :authorOf "http://dinoutoo.pagesperso-orange.fr/histo/tal1.htm"^^xsd:anyURI .

:lingAct_2 a :Say, semiotics:LinguisticAct ;
  situation:isSettingFor :Talleyrand ;
  situation:isSettingFor [ :inDate "06-10-1814"^^xsd:date ] ;
  situation:isSettingFor _:sentence ;
  situation:isSettingFor _:meaning ;
  situation:isSettingFor _:reference .

_:sentence a semiotics:Expression .
  ontolex:lexicalForm "Si cela va sans dire, cela ira encore mieux en le disant"@fra ;
  ontolex:lexicalForm "Although it goes without saying, it is better that it is said"@eng .

_:meaning a semiotics:Meaning .

_:reference a semiotics:Reference ;
  :partOf :CongressOfVienna .

Issues

  • Naming of 'reference': Should it be 'referent'?
    • Aldo opted for "reference" because "referent" typically bears a realistic flavor in philosphical debates. Besides that, no problem in using "referent", as in the Ogden-Richards version of the triangle.
  • Unreferenced datatype property hasComponent