Synchronized transcripts of dialogue and important sound effects. Captions provide access to multimedia for people who are deaf or hard of hearing.
Additional audio narration that explains important details that cannot be understood from the main soundtrack alone. During pauses in dialog, audio descriptions of video provide information about actions, characters, scene changes and on-screen text to people who are blind or visually impaired.
Provide a single document that combines text versions of any media equivalents required by Guideline 1.2, including captions and audio descriptions, in the order in which they occur in the multimedia.
Combining the text of audio descriptions and captions into a single text document creates a transcript of the multimedia, providing access to people who have both visual and hearing disabilities. Transcripts also provide the ability to index and search for information contained in audio/visual materials.
For more information about when and how to write captions and audio descriptions, refer to the techniques related to Guideline 1.2.
Editorial Note: Guideline 1.2 is not covered in this draft.
Here is an example of a collated text transcript of a clip from "The Lion King." Note that the Describer is providing the audio description of the video track and that the description has been integrated into the transcript.
Simba: Yeah! Describer: Simba races outside, followed by his parents. Sarabi smiles and nudges Simba gently toward his father. The two sit side-by-side, watching the golden sunrise. Mufasa: Look Simba, everything the light touches is our kingdom. Simba: Wow.
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