A. Building Schema Modules


This appendix is normative.

XHTML modules are implemented as XML Schemas. When these XML Schemas are assembled in a specific manner (described in Developing Schemas with defined and extended modules), the resulting Schema is a representation of a complete document type. This representation can then be used for validation of instances of the document type.

The key to combining these schema components into a meaningful, cohesive schema is the rules used to define the individual XML Schemas. This section defines those rules. When these rules are followed, markup language authors can be confident that their modules will interface cleanly with other XHTML-compatible modules.

Modules conforming to these rules also need to satisfy the conformance requirements defined in XHTML Family Module Conformance in order to be called XHTML Family Modules.

A.1. Named Content Models

This specification classifies named content model into categories and names them consistently using the following suffixes

model group definitions use the suffix .content when they are used to represent the content model of an element type.
model group definitions use the suffix .class when they are used to represent elements of the same class.
model group definitions use the suffix .mix when they are used to represent a collection of element types from different classes.
model group definitions use the suffix .extra when they are used to extend other groups above.
named complex type definitions use the suffix .type when they are used to represent type of an element.
attribute groups use the suffix .attlist when they are used to represent the attributes for a specific element.
attribute groups use the suffix .attrib when they are used to represent a group of tokens representing one or more complete attribute specifications within an .attlist declaration.

For example, in HTML 4, the %block; parameter entity is defined to represent the heterogeneous collection of element types that are block-level elements. In this specification, the corollary named content model is Block.mix.

When defining named content model in the classes defined here, modules should scope the names of the model group definitions and attribute groups by using unique prefixes. For example, the content model for the element myelement in the module mymodule could be named myelement.content. Other schemes are possible. Regardless of the scheme used, module authors should strive to ensure that named content model they define are named uniquely so that they do not collide with other named content model and so that the interface methods for the module are obvious to its users.

A.2. Defining the Namespace of a Module

XHTML requires that the elements and attributes declared in a module be within a defined XML namespace [XMLNAMES]. The identification of this namespace is an arbitrary URI. XHTML requires that when a module is implemented using an XML Schema, the module declare its target namespace.

A.2.1. Global and Local Element Declarations

While XML Schema allows an the definition of global and local element declarations, to be compatible with DTD definitions of XHTML Modularization module implementations must not declare local elements.

A.2.2. Global and Local Attribute Declarations

While the approach defined here permits the definition of global as well as local attribute declarations, schema authors should consider the consequences of such definitions on an document instance. Global attributes must always be explicitly prefixed in a instance document by declaring a namespace prefix xmlns:prefix, while local attributes depending on the schema implementation may be explicitly prefixed.

A.3. Importing External Namespace Schema Components

A XML Schema provides definitions that belong to a given target namespace. A schema must use import element to include components from a XML Schema that uses a different target namespace. import element in XML Schema requires an namespace attribute and a optional schemaLocation attribute. Multiple modules (included in a document type) importing components from the same external namespace but providing different schema location URI values will result in invalid driver schema. To avoid such issues modularization requires that modules importing external schemas must not provide a schemaLocation attribute and document type's driver file may import these schemas with the schemaLocation attribute.

A.4. Content model Redefinitions

Quite often modules change the content model of elements defined by other modules. For example, XHTML Events module add event attributes to element defined by forms module. It is also possible multiple modules may change the content model of a single element defined by a third module, for example both XHTML Events Module and XHTML Image Map module add attributes to elements in form module.

XML Schemas allows for changes to a declared content model using the redefine element. While XML Schema supports redefine element that redefines the named content model and type definition, XML Schema does not directly support redefinition of an element or attribute declaration.

To support element content model redefinitions,