Web Accessibility Introduction

Shadi Abou-Zahra, W3C/WAI

W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)

Develops strategies, guidelines, resources to make the Web accessible:

What is Web Accessibility?

Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can use the Web equally -- John Slatin.

It is part of creating an inclusive, universal Web:

People with Disabilities

Are a heterogenous group, like any other group. This includes:

How to Address?

Context is key. User-centered design helps you understand the context.

Some supporting resources include:

Technically Speaking...

Web accessibility is supported by several key components:

Components of Web Accessibility

Essential Components of Web Accessibility

WAI Guidelines

WAI develops and maintains a set of web accessibility guidelines:

Introducing WCAG 2.0

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0
- W3C web standard since 11 December 2008

WCAG 2.0 - Structure

WCAG 2.0 provides technology-independent functional requirements:

WCAG 2.0 Techniques

Techniques are technology-specific (e.g. HTML, CSS, AJAX, ...):

WCAG 2.0 Quick Reference

A dynamic interface to help developers manage WCAG 2.0 resources:

How To Meet WCAG 2.0

Specific contexts?

WCAG 2.0 allows implementation in specific contexts, such as:

Web Applications

Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) 1.0:

Mobile Web Design

WCAG 2.0 overlaps with mobile web guidelines

See: Mobile Web and Accessibility

Three Take-Aways

  1. Developers need to understand the basics first
  2. Use How To Meet WCAG 2.0 quick reference guide
  3. Authoring tools are critical for accessibility

Thank You

Shadi Abou-Zahra, W3C/WAI
Activity Lead, WAI International Program Office