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This is a proposal for a new Type: Thing > CreativeWork > VisualArtwork

I am aware that there are already sub-Types for "Painting", "Sculpture", and "Photograph", but this doesn't seem like a viable way forward. There are many other types of artwork (printmaking, drawing, collage, assemblage, digital art, etc.) and it seems illogical to create new Types for each artform.

So my proposal is for the 'VisualArtwork' Type to be used instead of "Painting" or "Sculpture", and instead of "Photograph" where the photograph in question is being presented in context as an artwork as opposed to forensic photography, etc.

A number of additional properties enable would allow a wider range of visual artwork media to use this type, and provide more information about the artwork being described.

A draft machine-readable schema is available.


Thing > CreativeWork > VisualArtwork

All properties inherited from Thing and CreativeWork, plus these additional properties

Property Expected Type Description
Properties from VisualArtwork
artform Text e.g. Painting, Drawing, Scupture, Print, Photograph, Assemblage, Collage, etc.
material Text A material/medium which which the artwork is made e.g. Oil, Watercolour, Acrylic, Linoprint, Marble, Cyanotype, Digital, Lithograph, DryPoint, Intaglio, Pastel, Woodcut, Pencil, etc. A mixed media piece of artwork can have multiple materials.
surface Text the surface or support on which the artwork is made e.g. Canvas, Paper, Wood, Board, etc.
width Distance width of the artwork
height Distance height of the artwork
depth Distance depth of the artwork
artEdition Number The number of copies when multiple copies of a piece of artwork are produced - e.g. for a limited edition of 20 prints, 'artEdition' refers to the total number of copies (in this example "20").
colorPalette colorPalette Color Palette for the artwork

Example Markup

Not complete

  1. <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/VisualArtwork">
  3.   <h1 itemprop="name">Mona Lisa</h1>
  5.   <img itemprop="image" alt="the painting of the Mona Lisa" src="mona-lisa.jpg" width="164" height="240">
  7.   <p>Possibly the most famous <span itemprop="artform">painting</span> in the world.</p>
  9.   <ul>
  10.     <li><span itemprop="material">Oil</span> on <span itemprop="surface">poplar</span></li>
  11.   </ul>
  13.   <p>Painted in <span itemprop="dateCreated">1506</span>.</p>
  15.   <p>© <span itemprop="copyrightYear">1506</span> by <span itemprop="copyrightHolder">Leonardo da Vinci</span></p>
  17. </div>

The color palette information would be very useful to classify, categorize and index artwork by colors. I have provided an example of how this structure could look:

<span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ColorPalette"<http://schema.org/ColorPalette>>

               <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ColorSwatch"<http://schema.org/ColorSwatch>>
                               Sky Blue
               <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ColorSwatch"<http://schema.org/ColorSwatch>>
               <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ColorSwatch"<http://schema.org/ColorSwatch>>
                               Crimson Red
               <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ColorSwatch"<http://schema.org/ColorSwatch>>
               <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ColorSwatch"<http://schema.org/ColorSwatch>>



Posted to public-vocabs on May 7, 2013: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-vocabs/2013May/0024.html Discussion on colorpalette property added to VisualArtwork: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/public-vocabs/2013Jun/0084.html