I had a pretty small data interchange problem the other day: I just
wanted to archive some play lists that I had compiled using various
music player daemon (mpd)
The mpd server stores playlists as simple m3u files,
i.e. line-oriented files with a path to the media file on each line. But
that’s too fragile for archive and interchange purposes.
I had a similar problem a while back with iTunes playlists. In that episode,
I chose hAudio, an
HTML dialect in progress in the microformats
community, as my target.
Unfortunately, hAudio changed out from under me between when I
started and when I finished. So this time, a simple search found the
music ontology and I tried it
with RDFa, which
lets you use any RDF vocabulary in HTML*.
I’m mostly pleased with the results:
The album names come before the track names because I didn’t read
enough of the the RDFa primer when I
was coding; RDFa includes @rev as well as @rel
for reversing subject/object order.
advogato episode on m3uin.py for details about the code.
The Music Ontology was developed by a handful of people who
staked out a claim in URI space
(http://musicontology.org/...) and happily took comments from
as big a review community as they could manage, but they had no
obligation to get a really global consensus. The microformats process
is intended to reach a global consensus so that staking out a claim in
URI space is superfluous; it works well given certain initial
conditions about how common the problem is and availability of pre-web
designs to draw from. Perhaps playlists (and media syndication, as
hAudio seems to be expanding in scope to hMedia) will eventually reach
these conditions, but the music ontology already meets my needs, since
I’m the sort who doesn’t mind declaring my data vocabulary with URIs.
My view of Web architecture is shaped by episodes such as this
one. While giga-scale deployment is always impressive and definitely
something we should design for, small scale deployment is just as
important. The Web spread, initially, not because of global phenomena
such as Wikipedia and Facebook but because you didn’t need
your manager’s permission to try it out; you didn’t even
need a domain name; you could just run it on your LAN
or even on just one machine with no server at all.
tech plenary session on web architecture,
Henri Sivonen said:
I see the Web
as the public Web that people can access. The resources you can
navigate publicly. I define Web as the information space accessible to
the public via a browser.
If a mobile operator operates behind
walls, this is not part of the Web.
I can’t say that I agree with that perspective. I’m no great fan of
walled gardens either, but freedom means freedom to do things we don’t
like as well as freedom to do things we do like. And architecture and
policy should have a sort of church-and-state separation between
Plus, data interchange happens not just at planetary scale, but
also within mobile devices, across devices, and across communities
and enterprises of all shapes and sizes.
I’ve gone a little outside the scope of current
standards; RDFa has only been specified for use in modular XHTML, with
the application/xhtml+xml media type, so far.