The Unicode Consortium has announced Version 6.3 of the Unicode Standard and with it, significantly improved bidirectional behavior. The updated Version 6.3 Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm now ensures that pairs of parentheses and brackets have consistent layout and provides a mechanism for isolating runs of text.
Based on contributions from major browser developers, the updated Bidirectional Algorithm and five new bidi format characters will improve the display of text for hundreds of millions of users of Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Urdu, and many others. The display and positioning of parentheses will better match the normal behavior that users expect. By using the new methods for isolating runs of text, software will be able to construct messages from different sources without jumbling the order of characters. The new bidi format characters correspond to features in markup (such as in CSS). Overall, these improvements also bring greater interoperability and an improved ability for inserting text and assembling user interface elements.
The improvements come with new rigor: the Consortium now offers two reference implementations and greatly improved testing and test data.
In a major enhancement for CJK usage, this new version adds standardized variation sequences for all 1,002 CJK compatibility ideographs. These sequences address a well-known issue of the CJK compatibility ideographs — that they could change their appearance when any process normalized the text. Using the new standardized variation sequences allows authors to write text which will preserve the specific required shapes of these CJK ideographs, even under Unicode normalization.
Version 6.3 includes other improvements as well:
- Improved Unihan data to better align with ISO/IEC 10646
- Better support for Hebrew word break behavior and for ideographic space in line breaking
The MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation of Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) Version 2.0. The technology described in this document provides a foundation for to integrating automated processing of human language into core Web technologies. ITS 2.0 bears many commonalities with its predecessor, ITS 1.0 but provides additional concepts that are designed to foster the automated creation and processing of multilingual Web content. ITS 2.0 focuses on HTML, XML-based formats in general, and can leverage processing based on the XML Localization Interchange File Format (XLIFF), as well as the Natural Language Processing Interchange Format (NIF). Comments are welcome through 22 October.
The Internationalization Working Group has published a Last Call Working Draft of Use Cases & Exploratory Approaches for Ruby Markup.
Comments are welcome through 24 September. As this document has already been through a review cycle, we are not anticipating major changes to arise over the coming two weeks, and hope to move it to publication as a WG Note in two to three weeks time. See the status section for information about where to send feedback if you have any.
This document aims to support discussion about what is needed in the HTML5 specification, and possibly other markup vocabularies, to adequately support ruby markup. It looks at a number of use cases involving ruby, and how well the following approaches support those use cases: the HTML5 model described in the Candidate Recommendation as of 17 December 2012, the XHTML Ruby Annotation model, and the Ruby Extension Specification proposed in February 2013.
The MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group has published a Last Call Working Draft of Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) Version 2.0. ITS 2.0 makes it easier to integrate automated processing of human language into core Web technologies. ITS 2.0 focuses on HTML, XML-based formats in general, and can leverage processing based on the XML Localization Interchange File Format (XLIFF), as well as the Natural Language Processing Interchange Format (NIF). Comments are welcome through 10 September.
A report is now available summarizing the Workshop on Richer Internationalization for eBooks, which took place 4 June in Tokyo.
The Workshop was Hosted by Keio University, and sponsored by Intel as well as W3C organization sponsor Google.
(Learn more about W3C’s new Digital Publishing Activity, how to get involved in the Digital Publishing Interest Group, and the agenda of the workshop on Publishing and the Open Web Platform, which takes place in September in Paris; position paper deadline 15 July.)
The two-day workshop surveyed and shared information about currently available best practices and standards that can help content creators and localizers address the needs of the multilingual Web, including the Semantic Web. Attendees also heard about gaps that need to be addressed, and enjoyed opportunities to network and share information between the various different communities involved in enabling the multilingual Web. Half of the second day was dedicated to an Open Space discussion with breakouts.
The workshop was sponsored by the EU-funded QTLaunchPad project and Verisign. “During the W3C Rome Workshop we were able to identify the gaps holding organizations back from achieving a truly multilingual Internet and discuss best practices that will further our collective goal of achieving a web void of cultural borders”, said Pat Kane, senior vice president of Naming and Directory Services at Verisign.
The recently announced Internationalization Tag Set 2.0 showcase event in Dublin now allows for remote participation. Please register by 17 June 6 p.m. UTC. We will provide dial in details to registered
participants. The number of remote participants is limited and we choose on a
first-come, first-served basis – get your seat soon!
On 18 June the MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group holds a showcase event in Dublin about the upcoming Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0 specification. Group participants demonstrate implementations for authoring ITS 2.0 data categories, for using them in localization workflows, and for improving machine translation or other language technology processes with ITS 2.0. Participation is free, but registration is required.
The draft implements all changes since the previous publication of 11 April 2013. There are no remaining open issues. The Working Group is planning to finalize ITS 2.0 now: this is your last time to provide feedback! The Last Call period ends 11 June.
ITS 2.0 provides metadata to foster the adoption of the multilingual Web.
The Internationalization Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Requirements for Hangul Text Layout and Typography and is looking for feedback.
This document describes requirements for general Korean language/Hangul text layout and typography realized with technologies like CSS, SVG and XSL-FO. The document is mainly based on a project to develop the international standard for Korean text layout.
A Korean version of the document is also available (한국어 텍스트 레이아웃 및 타이포그래피를 위한 요구사항), but the English version is the authoritative version.