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Category: Update

Posts

Updated tutorial: Handling character encodings in HTML and CSS

Content from this tutorial was distributed across several new and existing articles to reduce duplication and improve usability and maintainability. The completely rewritten tutorial provides a succinct summary of advice at the start, and then gathers together and organizes pointers to articles that, taken together, help you grasp the subject matter. The title was also changed.

Content derived from the previous version of the tutorial (ie. in the new articles) has been updated to include HTML5.

View the tutorial.

Updated article: Using character escapes in markup and CSS

Numerous changes were made to this article to address feedback and also incorporate material on CSS escapes from the character encoding tutorial. This and other changes are described below. View the article.

German, Spanish, and Brazilian and Iberian Portuguese translators should consider updating it.

Description of changes:

  • various parts of the text were rewritten
  • the title and the question were changed
  • the latest template was applied, and various new style conventions that affect the markup
  • two new sections were added relating to CSS
  • substantial changes were made to the Further Reading section

Translators should retranslate the whole article.

Tags:

Updated article: Declaring character encodings in CSS

This article was rewritten to better address all methods of declaring encoding, including HTTP-header and charset link declarations. This and other changes are described below. View the article.

German, Greek, Spanish, French, Hebrew, Polish, Brazilian Portuguese, Swedish, Thai and Vietnamese translators should consider updating it.

Description of changes:

  • most of the text was rewritten
  • the title and the question were changed
  • the latest template was applied
  • substantial changes were made to the Further Reading section

Translators should retranslate the whole article.

Updated article: Character encodings for beginners

A short section was added to this article to lead readers to additional information. This and other changes are described below. View the article.

German, Spanish, Hungarian, Polish, Brazilian Portuguese and Romanian translators should consider updating it.

Description of changes:

  • a ‘By the way’ section was added, to point the reader to concepts described in the article Character encodings: Essential concepts. These explanations take the reader a step further in understanding character encodings.
  • various small edits throughout to accommodate the latest template and style guidelines
  • substantial changes to the Further Reading section
Categories: Update, w3cWebDesign

Updated article: Who uses Unicode?

The article Who uses Unicode? was rewritten to reflect the fact that Unicode-encoded web pages now account for over 50% of the Web, as determined by Google.

Spanish and Polish and Brazilian Portuguese translators should consider retranslating the article.

The article was updated as follows:

  • the title and some of the text was changed to reduce the emphasis on corporate sites
  • the first paragraph was modified, and two paragraphs and a sidenote were added to the answer section
  • substantial changes to the Further Reading section

Updated article: Two-letter or three-letter language codes

The article Two-letter or three-letter language codes was rewritten to replace mentions of RFC 4647 with BCP 47, and add new links to further reading.

Bulgarian, Greek, Spanish and Polish translators should consider retranslating the article.

The article was updated as follows:

  • applied new template and added cite tags
  • changed two paragraphs in the answer section
  • substantial changes to the Further Reading section
Tags:
Categories: Update

For review: 7 new and 3 updated articles about character encoding

Comments are being sought on the following new articles prior to final publication:

  1. Handling character encodings in HTML and CSS
  2. Essential definitions related to character encodings
  3. Choosing & applying a character encoding
  4. Character encoding declarations in HTML
  5. The byte-order mark (BOM) in HTML
  6. Normalization in HTML and CSS
  7. Characters or markup?

These articles have been derived from the former tutorial, which has already undergone a review. Since then, HTML5 has been brought to the fore in the articles and various small changes have been added, including some short summary information.

The three updated articles are the result of merging the tutorial material with existing articles. They are:

The character encoding section of the techniques page relating to HTML and CSS authoring has also been overhauled, to include the new material.

Please send any comments to www-international@w3.org (subscribe). We hope to publish a final version in one to two weeks.

Updated article: Styling using language attributes

Read the article

The major change was the addition of detailed information about use of CSS selectors with xml:lang, but there were many other edits (see the list below). Translators should consider retranslating the whole tutorial. [search keys: qa-css-lang]

The article was updated as follows:

  • added section “Using CSS selectors with xml:lang”
  • the title was slightly changed
  • information about browser support was replaced with a link to test results (updated)
  • various edits throughout to improve readability
  • removed the paragraph that says that generic class or id selectors work best, since support for selectors has significantly improved
  • updated various links and added links to new materials.
Tags:

Updated article: Language tags in HTML and XML

Read the article

This tutorial was updated to incorporate changes made to BCP 47 by the recent publication of RFC 5646. Changes to BCP 47 include the introduction of extended language subtags, and the addition of ISO 639-3 language subtags, bringing the total number of subtags in the registry to almost 8,000.

Translators should consider retranslating the whole tutorial.

Updated tests: Web fonts

The tests of font linking and eot fonts were updated, along with the associated results pages. The number of tests was reduced to a single test per script, but test cases were created for HTML4, XHTML 1.1 and XHTML served as both text/html and XML. In addition, links to font licence information were added to the test notes. The Urdu font was also updated.

The tests are linked from here:

Font linking tests

EOT tests

The results can be found here:

Font linking tests

EOT tests


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