Internationalization (i18n) Activity

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i18n WG

i18n Interest Group

i18n Tag Set (ITS) IG

Chinese Layout Task Force

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Includes i18n Checker

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News archives
July 2011 (13)
July 2009 (10)
June 2009 (10)
June 2008 (13)

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Category: New draft


New Working Draft of Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0

A new version of Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0 draft has just been published as a Working Draft.

ITS 2.0 responds to current and future needs to extend ITS 1.0, that is: provide metadata (ITS “data categories”) also for HTML5, use the data categories for RDF, and add new data categories relevant for localization and language technologies.

In addition to various clarifications and smaller changes, this second version of the document provides several new data categories discussed during the MultilingualWeb workshop in Dublin in June (e.g. Domain and Locale Filter).

Please take a look at the new version, and send any comments to (subscribe at the archive main page). Use “ITS 2.0 WD Comment” at the beginning the subject line of your email, and add something descriptive after it.

Send any comments before the end of August. We are planning to publish a new working draft in late August, and a feature complete “last call” working draft in November.

Tags: , ,

First Public Working Draft published: Use Cases & Exploratory Approaches for Ruby Markup

Use Cases & Exploratory Approaches for Ruby Markup looks at a number of use cases involving simple and complex ruby, and considers which are supported by the current markup models in the HTML5 and XHTML Ruby Annotation specifications. Where a use case is not supported by the HTML5 model, it provides suggestions about how the markup model could be adapted to better support those use cases. In each case, pros and cons of the approach are listed, but the document does not attempt to impose a particular solution.

The hope is that implementers and standards developers will take the information and suggestions in this document as a starting point for developing a markup model for ruby in HTML5 that fully supports the use cases.

This first public working draft was published by the W3C Internationalization Core Working Group. The editor is Richard Ishida (W3C).

We welcome feedback. Please send comments to (publicly archived). Please use a relevant and informative subject line that begins with “[ruby] “.

First Public Working Draft published: Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) Version 2.0

After discussing requirements at a dedicated workshop in June, the MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group has published a first public working draft of Internationalization Tag Set (ITS ) 2.0.

ITS 2.0 responds to needs that emerged since the creation of ITS 1.0 in 2007. First, ITS 2.0 focuses on HTML5. We can expect that huge amounts of Web content will be produced using HTML5 in the future, and ITS 2.0 will provide the means to properly internationalize and localize HTML5, using both human translation or language technologies like machine translation.

In addition, ITS 2.0 builds bridges to the Semantic Web area, by providing mechanisms to re-use ITS metadata (so-called “data categories”) with RDF.

Finally, ITS 2.0 defines new data categories that are demanded by the localization and language technology communities.

The development of this first draft of ITS 2.0 would not have been possible without the MultilingualWeb project: via MultilingualWeb, stakeholders of quite diverse communities have provided input to the initial metadata definitions. The W3C Internationalization Activity is now the place for these communities to move that metadata and its implementations forward.

We very much welcome feedback also from outside the Working Group – see issues discussed within the Working Group. Please send your comments to Use “ITS 2.0 WD Comment” at the beginning the subject line of your email, and add something descriptive after it. The archives for this list are publicly available.

Editors: Dave Lewis (TCD), Arle Lommel (DFKI), Felix Sasaki (DFKI/W3C Fellow), Jirka Kosek (UEP)

First Public Working Draft Published: Requirements for Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0

Over the past five years since its release in 2007 the Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) has shown itself to be a very powerful tool for simplifying the translation of XML content, but a lot has changed since then as improved technologies to support translation have emerged and we have seen greater levels of integration between content production and translation. As a result new needs have emerged and the W3C’s MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group was formed to develop ITS version 2.0 (ITS 2.0) to respond to these needs.

Requirements for Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0 gathers metadata categories – essentially items like ways to indicate whether or not specific text should be translated, support for machine translation, and so forth – developed within the MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group. The proposed metadata targets web content (primarily HTML5) and “deep Web” content, such as content stored in a content management system (CMS) or XML files from which HTML pages are generated, that facilitates its interaction with multilingual technologies and localization processes.

In order to ensure that the proposed metadata categories reflect the needs of the organizations that produce and translate content, interested parties should review the document and send comments to (You can also join the public discussion list and view its archive). We also invite you to review the issues discussed within the Working Group.

We will discuss the draft at the upcoming MultilingualWeb workshop and plan to publish a new version of the document incorporating public feedback by the end of June 2012, followed by a first draft publication of the ITS 2.0 specification.

(If you are interested in taking a more active role in working on ITS 2.0 you may also register for the Dublin workshop, at no fee, until May 30. See the call for participation for more details.)

Editors: Dave Lewis (TCD), Arle Lommel (DFKI), Felix Sasaki (DFKI/W3C Fellow)


WG Note published and retired: Web Services Internationalization (WS-I18N)

The Internationalization Core Working Group has reached consensus to stop working on Web Services Internationalization (WS-I18N). It was published as a Working Group Note for archival reasons and is no longer being progressed along the W3C’s Recommendation Track. The only changes to this document since the last Working Draft are the addition of the note just above, and a correction to the links pointing to what was known as the Olson timezone database, which is now hosted by IANA.


Updated Working Draft: Character Model for the World Wide Web 1.0: Normalization

A new version of the Character Model for the World Wide Web 1.0: Normalization was published. The only significant change was a note to clarify that content of the Working Draft is currently out of date, and the Internationalization Core Working Group intends to substantially alter or replace the recommendations found in this document with very different recommendations in the near future.

New Working Draft of Requirements for Japanese Text Layout

A new version of Requirements for Japanese Text Layout has just been published as a Working Draft.

The plan is to replace the current W3C Working Group Note with the content of this new Working Draft after a period of review.

This document describes requirements for general Japanese layout realized with technologies such as CSS, SVG and XSL-FO. It is also being used by developers of other technologies, such as ebooks. The document builds on and further develops the Japanese standard for text layout, JIS X 4051.

This second version of the document contains a significant amount of additional information related to hanmen design, such as handling headings, placement of illustrations and tables, handling of notes and reference marks, etc.

Please take a look at the new version, which is available in English and Japanese, and send any comments to (subscribe at the archive main page). Use “[JLReq]” in the subject line of your email, followed by a brief subject.

Send any comments before the end of December. We hope to publish the final version of the updated Working Group Note early in the New Year.


RSS feed links changed

The Internationalization Activity home page has recently been ported to WordPress. This means that the URIs for the various RSS feeds have changed. You can find the new links at the page W3C I18n news filters and RSS feeds.

The current URIs will continue to work for a short while, to support the transition, but you should change as soon as possible.

URIs for category filters have also changed, as have those for search key text within posts (useful for finding the history of a particular article or document). The latter have been converted to tags.

CSS3 Ruby Module Draft Published

The CSS Working Group has republished the CSS3 Ruby Module specification as a Working Draft. The document had previously been published in 2003 as a Candidate Recommendation.

“Ruby” are short runs of text alongside the base text, typically used in East Asian documents to indicate pronunciation or to provide a short annotation. This document proposes a set of CSS properties associated with ruby elements. They can be used in combination with the ruby elements of HTML.

The present Working Draft prepares the ground for the specification to be changed in a number of areas. Motivations for these changes include introduction of requirements arising from the Requirements for Japanese Text Layout document, updates to the handling of bopomofo ruby, and most importantly adaptations needed to support the new ruby markup model being introduced by HTML5.

Draft for review: Working with Time Zones

Comments are being sought on a new draft of the W3C Note “Working with Time Zones” prior to final release. The new document provides guidelines and best practices for working with time and date values and how time zones affect applications and document formats.

Please send any comments to (subscribe) by 28 February.

Read the new draft.

Editor: Addison Phillips, Lab126.


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