Internationalization (i18n) Activity

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i18n Working Group

MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group

i18n Interest Group

Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) Interest Group

Indic Layout Task Force

Japanese Layout Task Force

Activity Statement

W3C Validator Suite
Includes i18n Checker

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Getting Started
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News archives
July 2011 (13)
July 2009 (10)
June 2009 (10)
June 2008 (13)

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Category: New draft


WG Note published and retired: Web Services Internationalization (WS-I18N)

The Internationalization Core Working Group has reached consensus to stop working on Web Services Internationalization (WS-I18N). It was published as a Working Group Note for archival reasons and is no longer being progressed along the W3C’s Recommendation Track. The only changes to this document since the last Working Draft are the addition of the note just above, and a correction to the links pointing to what was known as the Olson timezone database, which is now hosted by IANA.


Updated Working Draft: Character Model for the World Wide Web 1.0: Normalization

A new version of the Character Model for the World Wide Web 1.0: Normalization was published. The only significant change was a note to clarify that content of the Working Draft is currently out of date, and the Internationalization Core Working Group intends to substantially alter or replace the recommendations found in this document with very different recommendations in the near future.

New Working Draft of Requirements for Japanese Text Layout

A new version of Requirements for Japanese Text Layout has just been published as a Working Draft.

The plan is to replace the current W3C Working Group Note with the content of this new Working Draft after a period of review.

This document describes requirements for general Japanese layout realized with technologies such as CSS, SVG and XSL-FO. It is also being used by developers of other technologies, such as ebooks. The document builds on and further develops the Japanese standard for text layout, JIS X 4051.

This second version of the document contains a significant amount of additional information related to hanmen design, such as handling headings, placement of illustrations and tables, handling of notes and reference marks, etc.

Please take a look at the new version, which is available in English and Japanese, and send any comments to (subscribe at the archive main page). Use “[JLReq]” in the subject line of your email, followed by a brief subject.

Send any comments before the end of December. We hope to publish the final version of the updated Working Group Note early in the New Year.


RSS feed links changed

The Internationalization Activity home page has recently been ported to WordPress. This means that the URIs for the various RSS feeds have changed. You can find the new links at the page W3C I18n news filters and RSS feeds.

The current URIs will continue to work for a short while, to support the transition, but you should change as soon as possible.

URIs for category filters have also changed, as have those for search key text within posts (useful for finding the history of a particular article or document). The latter have been converted to tags.

CSS3 Ruby Module Draft Published

The CSS Working Group has republished the CSS3 Ruby Module specification as a Working Draft. The document had previously been published in 2003 as a Candidate Recommendation.

“Ruby” are short runs of text alongside the base text, typically used in East Asian documents to indicate pronunciation or to provide a short annotation. This document proposes a set of CSS properties associated with ruby elements. They can be used in combination with the ruby elements of HTML.

The present Working Draft prepares the ground for the specification to be changed in a number of areas. Motivations for these changes include introduction of requirements arising from the Requirements for Japanese Text Layout document, updates to the handling of bopomofo ruby, and most importantly adaptations needed to support the new ruby markup model being introduced by HTML5.

Draft for review: Working with Time Zones

Comments are being sought on a new draft of the W3C Note “Working with Time Zones” prior to final release. The new document provides guidelines and best practices for working with time and date values and how time zones affect applications and document formats.

Please send any comments to (subscribe) by 28 February.

Read the new draft.

Editor: Addison Phillips, Lab126.


New First Public Working Draft: Additional Requirements for Bidi in HTML

Read the Working Draft

This document arose out of the frustrations of people who have to work with bidirectional text on the Web in everyday practical situations. For example, it covers issues related to re-use of fragments of text in various new locations by web apps or scripts, or situations where users need to type in or send bidirectional form data. It proposes additions to the HTML5 specification for such situations, which are not covered by the current HTML specification. Many of the ideas in the document, however, are also relevant to markup formats in general, and there are some implications for CSS and XSL-FO (which we hope to address more directly in a subsequent document).

Please send comments on this document to Join the list and view the archive). We hope to publish a new version of the document, incorporating feedback, in about a month (depending on feedback received). We will then ask the HTML WG to review that version.

Editor: Aharon Lanin, Google.


Updated Working Draft: Best Practices for Authoring HTML: Handling Right-to-left Scripts

Read the Working Draft

The Internationalization Core Working Group has published an updated Working Draft of Best Practices for Authoring HTML: Handling Right-to-left Scripts.

This document provides advice for the use of HTML markup and CSS style sheets to create pages containing languages that use right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Thaana, Urdu, etc.

The Working Group believes this document is complete and does not anticipate any substantive changes. This draft is provided as a last chance for review and feedback before publication as a Working Group Note.

Please send comments on this document to (publicly archived) by 28 July 2009.

Editor: Richard Ishida.


Updated Working Draft: Web Services Internationalization (WS-I18N)

Read the Working Draft

The Internationalization Core Working Group has published a Working Draft of Web Services Internationalization (WS-I18N). This document describes enhancements to SOAP messaging to provide internationalized and localized operations using locale and international preferences. These mechanisms can be used to accommodate a wide variety of development models for international usage.

Editors: Addison Phillips, Mary Trumble (until September 2005), Felix Sasaki

Categories: Highlight, New draft

First Public Working Draft: Requirements of Japanese Text Layout

Read the Working Draft

Participants from four W3C Groups CSS, Internationalization Core, SVG and XSL Working Groups as part of the Japanese Layout Task Force published Requirements of Japanese Text Layout. This document describes requirements for general Japanese layout realized with technologies like CSS, SVG and XSL-FO. The document is mainly based on a standard for Japanese layout, JIS X 4051. However, it also addresses areas which are not covered by JIS X 4051. Japanese version is also available.

Editors: Toshi Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Anan.

Categories: Highlight, New draft, Update

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