Category: For review
The Internationalization Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Requirements for Hangul Text Layout and Typography and is looking for feedback.
This document describes requirements for general Korean language/Hangul text layout and typography realized with technologies like CSS, SVG and XSL-FO. The document is mainly based on a project to develop the international standard for Korean text layout.
A Korean version of the document is also available (한국어 텍스트 레이아웃 및 타이포그래피를 위한 요구사항), but the English version is the authoritative version.
Comments are requested on the following proposed updates to material on the Internationalization site, prior to final publication. NOTE THAT the articles are in a temporary location, and will be moved to their final location after the review.
Text direction and structural markup in HTML
This article has been created from material formerly in the tutorial “Creating HTML Pages in Arabic, Hebrew and Other Right-to-left Scripts” and augmented with information about new HTML5 markup constructs that are beginning to see adoption. It should be regarded as a new article, focusing on applying bidi markup to document- and block-level situations and to forms.
What you need to know about the bidi algorithm and inline markup
This is an update of an existing article. It has been almost completely rewritten. The most significant changes are the new parts describing how to apply the new HTML5 constructs which are beginning to see adoption. Additional changes will be needed as HTML5 bidi markup is finalised over the coming months. The article also proposes a simpler way to approach markup of bidi text, particularly useful for those with less experience, that relies less on a deep understanding of the issues involved.
Visual vs. logical ordering of text
This is a new article created from material that has been removed from the previously mentioned material. It was removed into a separate article because visual ordering is much less important these days, and to avoid duplication. Only a few changes have been made to the content itself.
Creating HTML Pages in Arabic, Hebrew and Other Right-to-left Scripts
This tutorial has been modified to bring it in line with the current tutorial format. Rather than contain duplicate content, it now introduces the novice to key concepts and points off to useful further reading in an organized fashion. It has been completely rewritten.
Please send any comments over the next two weeks to email@example.com (subscribe).
We hope to publish a final version shortly after that.
Comments are requested on the following proposed update of the article The byte-order mark (BOM) in HTML prior to final publication. NOTE THAT the article is in a temporary location, and will be moved to its final location after the review.
The majority of the article has been rewritten, with the aim of reducing the previous warnings against using the BOM for UTF-8 documents. Also taken into account is the change to the HTML5 spec that raises the precedence of the BOM versus the HTTP header in terms of character encoding declaration.
We hope to publish a final version at the beginning of the New Year.
This document defines data categories and their implementation as a set of elements and attributes called the Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0.
ITS 2.0 is designed to foster the creation and localization of multilingual Web content, focusing on HTML5, XML based formats in general, and to leverage localization workflows based on the XML Localization Interchange File Format (XLIFF), and language technology applications like machine translation or named entity annotation. In addition to HTML5 and XML, algorithms to convert ITS attributes to NIF is provided.
Last Call means that the MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group feels that ITS 2.0 is ready to move to recommendation. If you have comments on the document, please send them to the list mentioned in the document status before 10 January.
A new version of Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0 draft has just been published as a Working Draft.
ITS 2.0 responds to current and future needs to extend ITS 1.0, that is: provide metadata (ITS “data categories”) also for HTML5, use the data categories for RDF, and add new data categories relevant for localization and language technologies.
In addition to various clarifications and smaller changes, this second version of the document provides several new data categories discussed during the MultilingualWeb workshop in Dublin in June (e.g. Domain and Locale Filter).
Please take a look at the new version, and send any comments to firstname.lastname@example.org (subscribe at the archive main page). Use “ITS 2.0 WD Comment” at the beginning the subject line of your email, and add something descriptive after it.
Send any comments before the end of August. We are planning to publish a new working draft in late August, and a feature complete “last call” working draft in November.
Use Cases & Exploratory Approaches for Ruby Markup looks at a number of use cases involving simple and complex ruby, and considers which are supported by the current markup models in the HTML5 and XHTML Ruby Annotation specifications. Where a use case is not supported by the HTML5 model, it provides suggestions about how the markup model could be adapted to better support those use cases. In each case, pros and cons of the approach are listed, but the document does not attempt to impose a particular solution.
The hope is that implementers and standards developers will take the information and suggestions in this document as a starting point for developing a markup model for ruby in HTML5 that fully supports the use cases.
This first public working draft was published by the W3C Internationalization Core Working Group. The editor is Richard Ishida (W3C).
ITS 2.0 responds to needs that emerged since the creation of ITS 1.0 in 2007. First, ITS 2.0 focuses on HTML5. We can expect that huge amounts of Web content will be produced using HTML5 in the future, and ITS 2.0 will provide the means to properly internationalize and localize HTML5, using both human translation or language technologies like machine translation.
In addition, ITS 2.0 builds bridges to the Semantic Web area, by providing mechanisms to re-use ITS metadata (so-called “data categories”) with RDF.
Finally, ITS 2.0 defines new data categories that are demanded by the localization and language technology communities.
The development of this first draft of ITS 2.0 would not have been possible without the MultilingualWeb project: via MultilingualWeb, stakeholders of quite diverse communities have provided input to the initial metadata definitions. The W3C Internationalization Activity is now the place for these communities to move that metadata and its implementations forward.
We very much welcome feedback also from outside the Working Group – see issues discussed within the Working Group. Please send your comments to email@example.com. Use “ITS 2.0 WD Comment” at the beginning the subject line of your email, and add something descriptive after it. The archives for this list are publicly available.
Editors: Dave Lewis (TCD), Arle Lommel (DFKI), Felix Sasaki (DFKI/W3C Fellow), Jirka Kosek (UEP)
Over the past five years since its release in 2007 the Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) has shown itself to be a very powerful tool for simplifying the translation of XML content, but a lot has changed since then as improved technologies to support translation have emerged and we have seen greater levels of integration between content production and translation. As a result new needs have emerged and the W3C’s MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group was formed to develop ITS version 2.0 (ITS 2.0) to respond to these needs.
Requirements for Internationalization Tag Set (ITS) 2.0 gathers metadata categories – essentially items like ways to indicate whether or not specific text should be translated, support for machine translation, and so forth – developed within the MultilingualWeb-LT Working Group. The proposed metadata targets web content (primarily HTML5) and “deep Web” content, such as content stored in a content management system (CMS) or XML files from which HTML pages are generated, that facilitates its interaction with multilingual technologies and localization processes.
In order to ensure that the proposed metadata categories reflect the needs of the organizations that produce and translate content, interested parties should review the document and send comments to firstname.lastname@example.org. (You can also join the public discussion list and view its archive). We also invite you to review the issues discussed within the Working Group.
We will discuss the draft at the upcoming MultilingualWeb workshop and plan to publish a new version of the document incorporating public feedback by the end of June 2012, followed by a first draft publication of the ITS 2.0 specification.
(If you are interested in taking a more active role in working on ITS 2.0 you may also register for the Dublin workshop, at no fee, until May 30. See the call for participation for more details.)
Editors: Dave Lewis (TCD), Arle Lommel (DFKI), Felix Sasaki (DFKI/W3C Fellow)
A new version of Requirements for Japanese Text Layout has just been published as a Working Draft.
The plan is to replace the current W3C Working Group Note with the content of this new Working Draft after a period of review.
This document describes requirements for general Japanese layout realized with technologies such as CSS, SVG and XSL-FO. It is also being used by developers of other technologies, such as ebooks. The document builds on and further develops the Japanese standard for text layout, JIS X 4051.
This second version of the document contains a significant amount of additional information related to hanmen design, such as handling headings, placement of illustrations and tables, handling of notes and reference marks, etc.
Please take a look at the new version, which is available in English and Japanese, and send any comments to email@example.com (subscribe at the archive main page). Use “[JLReq]” in the subject line of your email, followed by a brief subject.
Send any comments before the end of December. We hope to publish the final version of the updated Working Group Note early in the New Year.
The Internationalization Activity home page has recently been ported to WordPress. This means that the URIs for the various RSS feeds have changed. You can find the new links at the page W3C I18n news filters and RSS feeds.
The current URIs will continue to work for a short while, to support the transition, but you should change as soon as possible.
URIs for category filters have also changed, as have those for search key text within posts (useful for finding the history of a particular article or document). The latter have been converted to tags.