Appendix E: Animating SVG Documents
SVG supports the ability to change vector graphics over time,
to create animated effects.
SVG content can be animated in the following ways:
- Using SVG's animation elements
SVG document fragments can describe time-based modifications
to the document's elements. Using the various animation
elements, authors can define motion paths, or interpolate the element's
attributes and style properties. These effects can be chained together
or triggered in response to other events in the document.
- Using CSS Animations
This CSS module defines a way for authors to animate the values of
CSS properties over time, using keyframes. The behavior of these
keyframe animations can be controlled by specifying their duration,
number of repeats, and repeating behavior.
- Using CSS Transitions
This CSS module defines properties to specify
that changes to values of CSS properties occur
progressively over a specified duration.
- Using the SVG DOM.
The SVG DOM is defined as an extension of the DOM4 specification
Every attribute and style sheet setting is
accessible to scripting, and SVG offers a set of additional
DOM interfaces to support efficient animation via scripting.
Ideally, user agents that support scripting will also implement
the animation frames APIs
defined in HTML [HTML].
- Using the Web Animations API
This DOM API provides a scripted interface to trigger user-agent optimized animations
of style properties and attributes,
without the need for authors to calculate values for individual frames.
SVG does not mandate support for any of these animation methods.
However, user agents that do support them are expected to support them for SVG documents
and SVG fragments in other documents.
User agents that support declarative or scripted animation are required to conform
to the restrictions based on processing mode
as defined in the Conformance chapter,
and to the special requirements for animations in use-element shadow trees.