XHTML™ 2.0

W3C Editor's Draft 05 February 2009

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Mark Birbeck, x-port.net
Markus Gylling, DAISY Consortium
Shane McCarron, Applied Testing and Technology
Steven Pemberton, CWI (XHTML 2 Working Group Co-Chair)
Editors (while chartered as the HTML Working Group):
Jonny Axelsson, Opera Software
Mark Birbeck, x-port.net
Micah Dubinko, Invited Expert
Beth Epperson, Websense
Masayasu Ishikawa, W3C
Shane McCarron, Applied Testing and Technology
Ann Navarro, Invited Expert
Steven Pemberton, CWI

This document is also available in these non-normative formats: Single XHTML file, PostScript version, PDF version, ZIP archive, and Gzip'd TAR archive.


XHTML 2 is a general-purpose markup language designed to represent documents for a wide range of purposes across the World Wide Web. To this end it does not attempt to be all things to all people, supplying every possible markup idiom, but to supply a generally useful set of elements.

Status of This Document

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/.

This document is the eighth public Working Draft of this specification. It should in no way be considered stable, and should not be normatively referenced for any purposes whatsoever. This version includes an early implementation of XHTML 2.0 in RELAX NG [RELAXNG], but does not include the implementations in DTD or XML Schema form. Those will be included in subsequent versions, once the content of this language stabilizes.

Formal issues and error reports on this specification shall be submitted to www-html-editor@w3.org (archive). It is inappropriate to send discussion email to this address. Public discussion may take place on www-html@w3.org (archive). To subscribe send an email to www-html-request@w3.org with the word subscribe in the subject line.

This document has been produced by the W3C XHTML 2 Working Group as part of the HTML Activity. The goals of the XHTML 2 Working Group are discussed in the XHTML 2 Working Group charter.

This document was produced by a group operating under the 5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy. W3C maintains a public list of any patent disclosures made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains Essential Claim(s) must disclose the information in accordance with section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy.

Please report errors in this specification to www-html-editor@w3.org (archive). It is inappropriate to send discussion email to this address. Public discussion may take place on www-html@w3.org (archive).

Quick Table of Contents

List of Issues

  1. [PR #7759] [XHTML2] Spirit of "1.1.3. XHTML 2 and Presentation"
  2. [PR #7336] Identifying XHTML version in ansence of DTDs
  3. [PR #7799] Fw: [XHTML 2] Section 5.5 quality values.
  4. [PR #7800] Fw: [XHTML 2] Section 5.5 intersection of mime-types
  5. [PR #7661] [XHTML2] Constraining attribute relationship
  6. [PR #7820] [XHTML2] How are UAs to interpret <h> and <hx> elements?
  7. [PR #7830] [XHTML2] How are UAs to interpret <h> and <hx> elements?
  8. [PR #7874] block@kind vs elt@structure
  9. [PR #7875] redundant content model
  10. [PR #7877] headings -- numbered vs bare
  11. [PR #7878] What is the scope of a header?
  12. l element content model
  13. [PR #7876] PCData not in Text
  14. [PR #7882] XHTML 2.0: Text Module/<l> vs. <br /> element
  15. [PR #7885] RE: [ off list ] XHTML 2.0 - dfn : Content model and usability
  16. [PR #7899] Re: [XHTML 2.0] emphesis
  17. [PR #7663] [XHTML2] 11.3. The ol , and ul elements
  18. [PR #7867] Re: WD-xhtml2-20040722: Some navigation list requirements (IMHO)
  19. [PR #7792] Fw: [XHTML 2] 13.1 Hypertext Attributes Module - nextfocus
  20. [PR #7883] Internationalization: translate attribute
  21. [PR #7783] [XHTML 2] 15 Bi-directional text collection and embedded attributes?
  22. [PR #7724] Re: Formal Response to My issue on styling embedding attributes.
  23. [PR #7730] 17 Embedding Attributes User aborted downloads.
  24. [PR #7731] 17 Embedding Attributes - Invalid XHTML 2 documents
  25. [PR #7732] [XHTML 2] 17.1 Encoding attribute
  26. [PR #7733] [XHTML 2] Embedding attributes and nextFocus
  27. [PR #7734] 17 Embedding Attributes Success/Failure status codes.
  28. [PR #7735] [XHTML 2] 17 Embedding Attributes - srcType
  29. [PR #7736] [XHTML 2] Embedding XHTML Resources Linking.
  30. [PR #7737] [XHTML 2] Embedded Resources containing links
  31. [PR #7738] [XHTML 2] Embedding Attributes Examples
  32. [PR #7739] [XHTML 2] 17 Clipping of embedded documents to viewport.
  33. [PR #7774] [XHTML 2] 17 Embedding Attributes
  34. [PR #7892] xhtml2 attributes type, srctype and hreftype
  35. [PR #7869] rebuild link element: chapter, section / subsection
  36. [PR #7870] RE: [BULK] - Re: [XHTML2] Spirit of "1.1.3. XHTML 2 and Presentation"
  37. [PR #7871] Re: [BULK] - Re: [XHTML2] Spirit of "1.1.3. XHTML 2 and Presentation"
  38. [PR #7828] Why no nested colgroup or rowgroup?
  39. [PR #7879] td/th scope attribute - rowgroup == (tbody, thead, tfoot)
  40. [PR #7881] nesting colgroup and rowgroups
  41. [PR #7826] [XHTML2] exclude switch and case as presentational
  42. [PR #8031] Issue with using XML Events 2 with repeated content
  43. [PR #8050] [XML Events 2] Problem with image
  44. [PR #8056] LC Comment: Common event info from event()
  45. [PR #670] Entity management: do we still need it?
  46. [PR #671] Character entities: do we still need them?
  47. [PR #7893] Last Call Comment: DTD and SCHEMA directories included in TR tree for XHTML M12N 1.1

Full Table of Contents