Position Statements and Papers
As at 29 September 2000: 51 registrants, 19 position papers
Participants are listed in alphabetical order. Links are provided
to local copies of position papers under the name of the participant(s),
and to the original URI if on the web.
Marc Abrams - Universal Interface Technologies, Inc.
Device-Independent Authoring with UIML
Rafiul Ahad - Oracle
Oracle develops and markets a wireless internet platform called iAS Wireless
Edition (Portal-to-Go). This product supports device independent content
authoring. We would be interested in presenting a paper in this workshop
regarding the issues surrounding content adaptation for mobile devices.
Sundos Al-Qaisi - ELATT
I am studying at the moment and interested in attending
Daniel Austin - Ask Jeeves Inc
(not now able to attend)
As the web moves toward a more heterogenous environment for user agents,
strategies and techniques for providing web content to these user agents
must be developed. At Ask Jeeves, we are working steadily toward developing
device-independent authoring based on XML. Along the way we've faced many
challenges and difficulties, and we are interested in sharing what we've
learned, and learning from others following the same path.
Mike Barta - Microsoft
MSDN has a vested interest in the directions and standards developed in
this space. As media and access modes proliferate, and the reach of these
media extends, it becomes critical to publish to a neutral format to allow
for device independence, differing user ableness, and content focus. Device
independence is a principal concern for content development and deployment
as we focus on delivering information that is timely, relevant, and highly
available. I have three main areas of interest regarding device independence:
1. Layout and Independence: Is it enough to abstract the data layer, e.g.
XFORM, from the presentation or are there gains to be had with aggregation
of layout? Is this within the domain of device independence?
2. Host Capabilities: How can the device, or user, specific capabilities
and limitations be leveraged without writing device aware code?
3. Interactivity: Many initiatives include state markup, e.g. voiceXML,
how does the device independence effort relate to codifying these markup
efforts and extending them to the multimedia space.
Kynn Bartlett - Edapta, Inc.
Edapta Position Paper
Edapta enables web sites to intelligently morph to meet the needs of
varied users and access methods.
Stephane Boyera - W3C
Working on wap and wap implementation
Nick Braithwaite - GlobalLiaison
We are currently seeking funding for a project that falls under the Information
Societies Technologies 2000 Workprogramme. Our aim is to provide an intelligent
system that would provide innovative support to a networked community of
blind musicians. Through the integration of vxml technology and advanced
knowledge management tools we can facilitate information sharing within
that community. More details available on request.
Jeff Carpena - LaMode
Ralph Case - IBM
Position paper for the W3C/WAP Workshop on the Web Device
Wendy Chisholm - W3C
As a co-editor of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 and the
upcoming revision, I want to ensure that WCAG is usable and applicable
to any authoring environment. Strategies for making Web content accessible
for people with disabilities should not conflict with making content
usable on a mobile device, television, telephone, etc. Rather, strategies
for the variousenvironments should complement each other. I look forward
to discussing thesynergy of the various device, situation, and user needs
as well as the differences.
Philip Daniels - KPMG
I am an e-commerce lawyer - feel be able to complement discussions.
Daniel Dardailler - W3C
I'm the chair
Steve Devo - AGENCY.COM
As VP of Advanced Technology here at AGENCY.COM I have been involved in
many cross channel solutions over the last couple of years. To this end
I am interested in imparting our hard earned experience in building and
architecting these solutions. Further I am keen to understand and is possible
affect the standards being constructed/proposed. Out of interested I have
been involved (architectural design) with the following multi-channel projects:-
BA SMS services, Mviva WAP portal/web site, Gameplay cross channel sales
system, Irish Multichannel content management systems, several further
projects I am not able to directly name, but are under construction. My
particular interests are in the architecture and nature of content storage.
This includes the possibilities for content decomposition into fundamental
elements for subsequent reconstruction into XML representations for specific
Nicholas Epperson - Verifone/HP
I run the Architecture Council for Verifone/HP and am responsible for setting
our technology directions and architecture for end-to-end payment solutions.
We are actively moving into the mobile and internet e-commerce areas using
most of the new emerging technologies. I am attending this seminar as our
W3C member (Dave Ezell) can't make it and I'm quite familiar with the material
and am investigating methods for bringing content to mobile payment terminals,
phones, etc. It is my job to guide the different product lines within Verifone
to utilize a common architecture/technology.
Alamgir Farouk - Nokia
Annotating Content for Device Feature Utilization
Ed Fermor - Scenario
We as a company want to be able to recognise standardisation on the WWW.
Peter Ferne - ATG
Interest statement for W3C Workshop on Web Device Independent
Max Froumentin - W3C/INRIA
As XSL team contact, my interest is in applications of XSL (and XSLT in
particular) in device independence authoring.
Roger Gimson - HP
Four Principles for Device-Independent Publishing
I would like to understand the needs of authors and publishers for
cross-media delivery. I believe standards and tools can be developed to
make it easier to create and adapt content for delivery across a wide range
of web devices. In particular, I would like to correlate the requirements
expressed by the different publishing communities with different potential
solutions to achieving greater device-independence, especially using server-side
adaptation. I submitted a position paper "Four Principles for Device-Independent
Publishing" when the workshop was initially planned in June.
Vidhya Gholkar - Argo Interactive
I am in the research group at Argo Interactive. My research has been directed
towards how mark up languages for mobile device languages are being used
and how the different devices format and present different content. I have
done an extensive analysis of devices and web pages meant for mobile applications
and so have a very good understanding of device differences and content
adaptation issues. I hope that this work will be useful in defining workable
guidelines, standards and tools for [automatic] content adaptation. I am
also working with Steve Wells (Nokia) on a WAP Forum Market Requirements
Document for Content Adaption tools - the aim being to create a framework
that allows applications to be adapted to different devices [the draft
will be available to the W3C workshop]. Furthermore, I am familiar, through
my manager's involvment, with the work of the the Open Group's Mobile Management
Forum. This group is also looking at similar content adaptation issues.
I hope that we can reduce duplication and work together to produce a standard
that will help developers.
Guido Grassel - Nokia
Requirements of Multimedia WAP Mobile Phones
Katie Haritos-Shea - NTIS US Dept. of Commerce
I am an active member of the W3C's WAI WCAG Working Group. We hope to have
our Face2Face in Bristol directly following this workshop. The information
and ideas that reveil themselves at this Device Independence Workshop will
greatly impact the issues for our WCAG meeting. At this point I respectfully
request to be an observer, if that is possible.
Sean Hayes - Microsoft
Developing TV Applications using Internet Technology
I am the Microsoft representative in the DVB and SMPTE groups developing
interactive content for television based on W3C standards. These standards
are likely to appear in future Microsoft products, and similar standards
(e.g. ATVEF) already appear in Microsoft products. Microsofts goal is for
such content to be accessible to a wide range of devices, and to encourage
interoperability between different standards.
Marianne Hickey - Hewlett-Packard
HP is an active member of the W3C Voice Browser Working Group, which has
been developing requirements and specifications for a Speech Interface
Framework. Within the working group, Marianne Hickey leads the multimodal
dialog team. Multimodal browsers allow users to interact with an application
via a combination of modalities, for instance, speech recognition and synthesis,
displays, keypads and pointing devices. Speech as an input modality is
natural and can be very efficient - for example, on a device with a small
display and keypad, speech can bypass multiple layers of menus. On the
other hand, a display is often a good way of presenting information to
the user - output which is long-winded when rendered as speech can be quickly
browsed on a display. Mobile access to the internet would benefit tremendously
from dynamic multimodal interfaces, where the user interacts via the most
appropriate combination of modalities and devices at any given time. With
this dynamic multimodal browsing, devices and modalities need to be brought
into and removed from a user's interaction session without loss of
state. For example, an interaction may start out as voice-only over a phone;
when a display is needed (e.g. a wall mounted display), this can be brought
into the session; later, it might be removed from the session and the voice
dialog continues. I would like the workshop to address the authoring of
dialogs for use on different platforms, with different modalities available
and with different user preferences. My potential contributions can be
based on any of the following: 1) summary of the work of the multimodal
team within the W3C Voice Browsing Working Group; 2) HP Labs work on extending
voice mark-up for multimodality; 3) HP Labs work on dynamic multimodal
Peter Hilton - Logica
I work as a 'tool user and implementer' - a software designer and developer
for Logica, an independent systems integration and software development
company. Our main requirement for device-independent authoring is for platform-independent
web applications and publishing, although we also have a significant amount
of business in developing e-Commerce mobile internet applications.
I would like to workshop to consider the problems of applying W3C standards
to commercial software development, and authoring standards-compliant content
in particular. Ideally, the workshop would also discuss software tools
for device-independent authoring.
During the workshop I expect to improve my understanding of both this
subject, and the nature of the W3C's activities. I expect that the workshop's
outcome will be that each of the groups involved will know more about what
the other groups are, and should be, working on.
I expect to be able to contribute a perspective from outside the standards
process, of being adirect user of the standards. In particular I can contribute
to discussion about the difficulties of implementing standards such as
HTML and CSS in practice.
Bob Hopgood - W3C
My main interest is making vector graphics easy to write and be accessible
on the Web. SVG is at too low a level for it to be made accessible. By
describing the semantics of the graphics distinct from the styling there
might be some hope at making graphics accessible. See http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/NOTE-WebSchematics-19980331/
for what we have in mind
Ian Jacobs - W3C
Hello, As an editor of the three WAI Guidelines, I am interested in device
independence as a primary theme in accessibility.
Marshall Jansen - HTML Writers Guild
(not now able to attend)
WDAI Workshop Position Paper
Kazuhiro Kitagawa - W3C/Keio
My interrests are the single authroing in the area of devaice indpendent
authoring. The final goal of single authoring is delivering the document
in variosu format(ex., WAP, ML for TV) from one HTML contents. W3C should
seek the way to achieve this goal. In addtion, W3C should also prvoide
the engineering guidelines to the contents creater, vendors and etc, which
descirbes the use of the W3C standards from the engineering points of view.
Charles Kohl - Context Media
(not now able to attend)
Position Paper for W3C Workshop on Web Device Independent
Amir Kolsky - MobileSpear
Will be provided later
Adrian Lincoln - Vodafone Multimedia
Vodafone Multimedia is involved with delivering content to mobile devices.
It is our interest to be involved with the evolution of standards that
could make life easier for both our suppliers and us.
William Loughborough - Smith-Kettlewell Institute
Semantics & Universal Design
Stephane Maes - IBM T.J. Watson Research Center
Position paper for the W3C/WAP Workshop on the Web Device
My research interests and professional responsibilities include speech,
multi-channel and multi-modal user interfaces, technologies, middleware
and development environments. My core specialty is in speech technologies:
conversational engines and algorithms (speech recognition, speaker recognition,
natural language technologies and dialog management). I have several years
of technical expertise in the domains directly addressed by the W3C/WAP
workshops on the multi-modal web and on device-independent authoring. I
believe that I can contribute and significantly guide the directions, requirements
and next steps that will be discussed.
Bennett Marks - Nokia
Content adaptation is one logical approach to the authoring dilemma that
was discussed in the previous WAP-W3C workshop on multi-modal content.
The WAP Forum is beginning to face the realities of this issue, and providing
solutions is a requirement if the wireless marketplace is to be viewed
as a single large market, rather than a fragmented set of little markets.
Charles McCathieNevile - W3C
I am an editor and W3C staff contact ofr the Authoring Tool Accessibility
Guidelines, and meber of the ther WAi guidelines owrking groups. I have
a particular interest in device-independent authoring especially in multimedia
areas, and in using a wider range of authoring devices. I find a lot of
common ground in requirements for accessibiity, internationalisation, and
alternative web technology such as mobile devices.
Sebastian Nykopp - Satama Interactive
Position Paper on Web Device Independent Authoring
Hidetaka Ohto - W3C/Panasonic
My area of interest is how to apply Web technologies for home appliances
such as mobile devices, TV sets. Therefore I am interested in the convergence
between WAP and W3C. Especially,I would like to make clear the similarities
and differences between them, and find out the more generic solutions as
much as possible.
Dave Pawson - RNIB
Multi-media presentation (static as apposed to server based) using XML
as the document masters.
Toni Penttinen - Ericsson
We hope that the workshop will enable us to achieve an understanding of
the requirements of this future environment when it comes to the handling
of converged information.
Tom Pereira - Julia Schofield Consultants Ltd
Dave Raggett - W3C/HP
I am interested in the role of plans and story-boarding as the basis for
authoring applications. Device independent authoring is perhaps a misnomer.
It may be better to focus on the different roles authors play when creating
applications. For instance, a word-smith (a journalist) creating raw text.
An editor/director pulling the project together. A designer working on
the graphical look and feel. A hacker who does the technical magic to write
the scripts etc. that interface the application to the back-end application
database. Authoring systems can substitute for some of these roles, e.g.
with Wizards based on canned designs. Overall, though, different classes
of devices will necessitate different design approaches to avoid a lowest
common denominator solution, which in anycase, will fail to meet end-user
Gregory Rosmeita - representing ATRC
Accessibility, and Separating Form from Content
(by Joseph Scheuhammer, Adaptive Technology Resource Centre).
Miles Sabin - InterX Technology
InterX Technology Position Paper
InterX Technology has developed a web application server, one
of its core strengths being the ability to dynamically
generate, style and deliver content in a variety of formats
in order to satisfy the display capabilities of a wide range
of devices. We anticipate an increasing need on the part of
our customers to efficiently and intelligently make their
content available to both existing and future devices.
Nevertheless, whilst our technology is perfectly capable of
delivering content to devices of many kinds, we are
suspicious of the term "device independent authoring". We
believe it is necessary to address the production cycle as a
whole, from workflow to authoring through content management
and the ultimate delivery of pages.
Lisa Seeman - Special Needs
My interest is in seeing the development of guidelines that can optimize
the benefits of the web for the educationally challenged and persons with
learning disability. It is our believe that the web could prove a blessing
to Peaple with LD or a curse. If it helps them finally access information
that has been inaccessible to them it will prove a blessing, but if the
web is less accessible then it will just served to widen the divide between
the learning disabled person and society. A clear structure can be aided
with the use colors and images. Although these must remain accessible without
these enhansements. Chat rooms and feed back form could include a spell
checker. A homonym checker is also an excellent addition. I am happy to
provide script that increase font size and alter contrasts and colors.
Cynthia Shelly - What U Want, Inc.
Ruud Siebelink - Alcatel Bell
Towards a profile driven service authoring and
Paul Smethers - Phone.com
WAP Application Usability in GSM Markets
I'm the expert for Phone.com regarding WAP deployments World-Wide,
but especially the issues of consumer adoption and multiple device compatibilty
for develop applications, whichcurrently are having problems in Europe
due to different presentation layers on different browsers. I can readily
speak on the state of this in WAP if needed, including an overview of the
problem and why it exists in Europe and why it doesn't exist in other countries.
I bring the customer viewpoint more than the technical viewpoint (although
I'm technical by training and understand the archetectural issues well).
I hope to see this conference begin the convergence process on understanding
why and how this problem became and how to solve it with today's and future
technologies. We need to begin to understand how to build mark-up languages
and tools that continue to ignore that different devices have significantly
different constraints (screens/input methodologies) and how to build standards
that understand and compensate for this without penalizing the developer
or the end-user.
Claus Thøgersen - Center for Blind and Visually Impaired Students
At our center we are involved in the accessability work in an expert group
established by the Statens Information (they are responsible for the Danish
information policies at the national level) to assist them in creating
and maintaining web accessability guidelines. We are also involved in a
number of other projects, and we find it very important to be able to uptain
accurate knowledge about the topics that will be discussed on this conference,
because though much is said on the topics very few have actual information
or experience in this field.
David Thompson - The Guide Dogs for the Blind Association
The GDBA beleive it should be aware of developments in this field and has
set aside funds to actively support technology projects, that,in future
could enhance the mobility and communication of blind and partially sighted
people. www.gdba.org.uk (Research
Jacco van Ossenbruggen - CWI
Device Independent Multimedia Authoring
Matt Volpi - Nokia Wireless Software Solutions
I am attending this conference to represent the WAP Forum SRC (as a proxy
for co-chair Steve Wells), as well as to participate and learn about device-independence
authoring with respect to one of the products I manage which is specifically
targeted at helping to reduce the challenges developers face due to multiple
Jon C.S. Wu - Philips Research East Asia
A Framework for Web Content Adaptation
Interested in content adaptation for multi-modal Web/WAP pages concerning
terminal capabilities, user preference, and user context.
Guilio Zicchi - Scenario Developments
We are web developers with an interest in breaking technologies such as
WAP devices and set top boxes.